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Alexander, well knowing that the Theban revolt had been instigated by

the Athenians, would at once proceed to inflict on them the punishment

which they had provoked. An assembly was immediately called in the

terrified city, and an embassy was dispatched to the king congratulating

him on his safe return from Illyria and his success in exterminating the

Thebans! So great was the difference in their feelings towards Alexander

dead and Alexander living! 'The king made answer to the embassy,

accepting their compliment; but at the same time he sent a letter to the

Athenians telling them that their friendly feelings would be

reciprocated on condition of the surrender by them to him of ten of

their leaders, whom he named. The list included Demosthenes, Lycurgus,

Hyperides, Polyeuctus, Charites, Charidemus, Ephialtes, Diotemus, and

Merocles. The city was thrown into great confusion by the demand. It is

said that Demosthenes, being in terror, gave Demades five talents to

intercede for him with Alexander.

The Athenians sent back another embassy, begging the king's indulgence

for their orators, and promising themselves to try and punish their

leaders for the seditious counsel which they had been in the habit of

giving. To this Alexander acceded, but made it a condition that

Charidemus, who had acted as a Greek spy at the court of Philip, should

be banished from the country. The king indeed was anxious at as early a

date as possible to bring all Greece to a state of quiet to the end that

he might enter upon the prosecution of those larger plans which he had

inherited from his father.

Returning to his own capital Alexander diligently renewed his

preparations for the invasion of Asia. In this work he spent the winter

of B. C. 335-334, and with the opening of spring found himself in

readiness to proceed with his campaign. His army consisted of but

thirty-five thousand men, but these were thoroughly drilled and hardened

by the severe discipline of exposure and war. They were mostly veterans

who, under Philip, had learned to overcome all obstacles, and who now,

under Philip's son, had come to share his courage and ambitions.