UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.
Alexander, well knowing that the Theban revolt had been instigated by
the Athenians, would at once proceed to inflict on them the punishment
which they had provoked. An assembly was immediately called in the
terrified city, and an embassy was dispatched to the king congratulating
him on his safe return from Illyria and his success in exterminating the
Thebans! So great was the difference in their feelings towards Alexander
dead and Alexander living! 'The king made answer to the embassy,
accepting their compliment; but at the same time he sent a letter to the
Athenians telling them that their friendly feelings would be
reciprocated on condition of the surrender by them to him of ten of
their leaders, whom he named. The list included Demosthenes, Lycurgus,
Hyperides, Polyeuctus, Charites, Charidemus, Ephialtes, Diotemus, and
Merocles. The city was thrown into great confusion by the demand. It is
said that Demosthenes, being in terror, gave Demades five talents to
intercede for him with Alexander.
The Athenians sent back another embassy, begging the king's indulgence
for their orators, and promising themselves to try and punish their
leaders for the seditious counsel which they had been in the habit of
giving. To this Alexander acceded, but made it a condition that
Charidemus, who had acted as a Greek spy at the court of Philip, should
be banished from the country. The king indeed was anxious at as early a
date as possible to bring all Greece to a state of quiet to the end that
he might enter upon the prosecution of those larger plans which he had
inherited from his father.
Returning to his own capital Alexander diligently renewed his
preparations for the invasion of Asia. In this work he spent the winter
of B. C. 335-334, and with the opening of spring found himself in
readiness to proceed with his campaign. His army consisted of but
thirty-five thousand men, but these were thoroughly drilled and hardened
by the severe discipline of exposure and war. They were mostly veterans
who, under Philip, had learned to overcome all obstacles, and who now,
under Philip's son, had come to share his courage and ambitions.