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mercenaries and continue the struggle. Thebes was, perhaps, as nearly

exhausted as her rival. In this condition of affairs the question was

bruited of a league which, beginning with the Thebans and the Athenians,

should extend to most of the states of Central Greece-to the end that

civil hostilities might cease, and the country be united to repel foreign


The news of this promising enterprise, however, was carried to Philip,

and in the summer of B. C. 347 he sent indirect proposals to Athens

inviting a conference in the mutual interests of the two powers. In

response the Athenians sent an embassy to the court of Philip, headed by

Demosthenes, AEschines, and Philocrates. They were entertained by that

wily monarch, but nothing came of the negotiations. The Macedonian king

soon afterwards sent an embassy to Athens, and the terms of a treaty were

agreed upon. In order to secure the ratification of this compact the

former Athenian envoys were again dispatched to Macedon, but Philip was

absent on a campaign; and even when he was found he insisted that the

ambassadors should accompany him into Thessaly to mediate, as he averred,

between Pharsalia and Halus. The whole object was to gain time to

prosecute his plans in Central Greece.

The treaty, however, was ratified. The envoys of Athens returned home.

Demosthenes entered a protest against the conditions of the settlement.

His following in the city declared that AEschines had deluded the people

with a false notion of security. The usual political wrangle occurred;

but the Macedonian party was in the ascendant, and a vote of thanks to

Philip was passed by the assembly for the terms which he had dictated!

That monarch was already on his march into Greece. The supine Athenians

sent him word that unless the Phocians would redeliver to the Amphictyons

the shrine of Apollo they would unite with him against the defilers of

the sacred city. The curtain was up for the last scene in the

independence of Greece.

In the mean time, Phalaecus, general of the Phocian army, entered into

negotiations with Philip and withdrew, with the monarch's consent, into

Peloponnesus. The Macedonian then entered Phocis without opposition. The

towns made a virtue of necessity by surrendering. Delphi was taken. The

Amphictyons were convened. To them was referred the question as to what

disposition should be made of those who had profaned the temple of Apollo

and wasted his treasures. The council voted that every Phocian town, with

the exception of Abae, should be leveled to the ground. The people should

be scattered into hamlets of not more than fifty houses. The Phocians

should be taxed until the annual tribute should amount to ten thousand

talents-this to replace the squandered treasures of the temple. The

Spartan members of the Amphictyony should be deposed. Finally, and

specially, the two votes of Phocis in the council should be taken away

and conferred on Philip of Macedon. Thus, in the year B. C. 346, was a

foreign king, with full power to enforce his will, given a seat at the

head of that venerable body, which for so