GREECE-SPARTAN AND THEBAN ASCENDENCIES.
mercenaries and continue the struggle. Thebes was, perhaps, as nearly
exhausted as her rival. In this condition of affairs the question was
bruited of a league which, beginning with the Thebans and the Athenians,
should extend to most of the states of Central Greece-to the end that
civil hostilities might cease, and the country be united to repel foreign
The news of this promising enterprise, however, was carried to Philip,
and in the summer of B. C. 347 he sent indirect proposals to Athens
inviting a conference in the mutual interests of the two powers. In
response the Athenians sent an embassy to the court of Philip, headed by
Demosthenes, AEschines, and Philocrates. They were entertained by that
wily monarch, but nothing came of the negotiations. The Macedonian king
soon afterwards sent an embassy to Athens, and the terms of a treaty were
agreed upon. In order to secure the ratification of this compact the
former Athenian envoys were again dispatched to Macedon, but Philip was
absent on a campaign; and even when he was found he insisted that the
ambassadors should accompany him into Thessaly to mediate, as he averred,
between Pharsalia and Halus. The whole object was to gain time to
prosecute his plans in Central Greece.
The treaty, however, was ratified. The envoys of Athens returned home.
Demosthenes entered a protest against the conditions of the settlement.
His following in the city declared that AEschines had deluded the people
with a false notion of security. The usual political wrangle occurred;
but the Macedonian party was in the ascendant, and a vote of thanks to
Philip was passed by the assembly for the terms which he had dictated!
That monarch was already on his march into Greece. The supine Athenians
sent him word that unless the Phocians would redeliver to the Amphictyons
the shrine of Apollo they would unite with him against the defilers of
the sacred city. The curtain was up for the last scene in the
independence of Greece.
In the mean time, Phalaecus, general of the Phocian army, entered into
negotiations with Philip and withdrew, with the monarch's consent, into
Peloponnesus. The Macedonian then entered Phocis without opposition. The
towns made a virtue of necessity by surrendering. Delphi was taken. The
Amphictyons were convened. To them was referred the question as to what
disposition should be made of those who had profaned the temple of Apollo
and wasted his treasures. The council voted that every Phocian town, with
the exception of Abae, should be leveled to the ground. The people should
be scattered into hamlets of not more than fifty houses. The Phocians
should be taxed until the annual tribute should amount to ten thousand
talents-this to replace the squandered treasures of the temple. The
Spartan members of the Amphictyony should be deposed. Finally, and
specially, the two votes of Phocis in the council should be taken away
and conferred on Philip of Macedon. Thus, in the year B. C. 346, was a
foreign king, with full power to enforce his will, given a seat at the
head of that venerable body, which for so