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GREECE-SPARTAN AND THEBAN ASCENDENCIES,

people of the island began to fit out privateers to prey upon Athenian

commerce. The Lacedaemonian commander, Teleutias, went to AEgina with a

small squadron, and turned the attention of the buccaneers to an

enterprise hardly less dangerous but somewhat more honorable. This was an

attempt to capture Piraeus. With a fleet of only twelve ships he sailed

audaciously into the bay, landed his men on the quays, seized all the

portable merchandise which was exposed about the warehouses, robbed most

of the ships in the harbor, and sailed back to AEgina.

In the mean time Antalcidas, accompanied by the Ionian satrap Tiribazus,

had made his way to the Persian court at Susa. The Great King was now

more inclined than hitherto to favor the establishment of a general

peace. After much negotiation the conditions were finally determined; and

in B. C. 387 the ambassadors returned to Asia Minor to promulgate the

terms of the treaty. The forces with which Antalcidas was now backed were

so overwhelming, both by land and sea, as to render resistance well-nigh

hopeless. Ambassadors from the Grecian states were invited to meet

Tiribazus, and before them, under the royal seal of Persia, the treaty

was delivered. It was couched in the following terms: "King Artaxerxes

thinks it just that the cities in Asia and the islands of Clazomenae and

Cyprus should belong to him. He also thinks it just to leave all the

other Grecian cities, both small and great, independent-except Lemnos,

Imbros, and Scyros, which are to belong to Athens, as of old. Should any

parties refuse to accept this peace, I will make war upon them, along

with those who are of the same mind, both by land and sea, with ships and

with money."

Such was the celebrated Peace of Antalcidas, dictated, as it was, by an

Asiatic monarch, the threats of whose ancestors had been laughed to scorn

by the Greeks in the heroic days of old. Now, however, the conditions

were tamely accepted by a degenerate race, whose resources had been

consumed in internecine strife and whose patriotism had perished in the

miserable heats of faction. The only incident in the acceptance of the

treaty by the Greek states was that Thebes, instead of taking the oath in

her own name only, persisted in swearing for the whole Boeotian

confederacy, of which she claimed to be the head.

It was this assumption of something more than local independence on the

part of the Thebans that gave to the Spartans their first excuse for

interfering with the terms of the treaty. They accordingly insisted, at

the earliest opportunity, that the other Boeotian cities, as well as

Thebes herself, should be locally independent. These cities, with the

exception of Orchomenus and Thespiae, all preferred to remain in their

present relations as members of the confederacy; but Sparta, determining

to have her will by force, proceeded to establish garrisons in the two

towns which favored her views, and at the same time undertook the

resurrection of Plataea, in order to make the same a basis of her future

operations in Central Greece. After the destruction of this place, as

previously narrated, the Plataeans who escaped destruction became

domiciled in Athens, and by intermarriages were now distinguished only by

tradition from the other inhabitants; but when their city was rebuilt,

most of these descendants of the exiled families were induced to return.

Thebes, meanwhile, looked on and witnessed these insulting proceedings

without the present power to interfere.

As soon as this work was accomplished in the North, Sparta found time to

settle an old grudge which she held against the town of Mantinea, in

Arcadia. There was nothing more specific to be alleged against this place

than that in the course of the Lacedaemonian wars the Mantineans had

always been unfriendly, supplying encouragement to the enemies of Sparta

and rejoicing in her misfortunes. Agesipolis was now dispatched to punish

the spirit rather than the overt acts of Mantinea. When the city refused

to demolish her walls, the Spartans dammed up the river Ophis until the

back water, rising against the bulwarks of sun dried bricks, undermined

them. The people were then obliged to surrender at discretion. All the

fortifications were destroyed, and the city was