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GREECE-THE ATHENIAN ASCENDENCY.

restore order among the Cyclades by putting down certain irresponsible

governors who had usurped authority during the Persian wars, he

compounded with several of the petty despots for money.

Meanwhile Cimon and Alcmaeon had become the leaders of what remained of

the old aristocratic party in Athens. They made no concealment of their

preferment for the constitution of Sparta over the too democratic

institutions of their own city. In this fact was laid the foundation of a

Lacedaemonian faction in the heart of Athens; and it was not long in

making itself felt, to the injury of the state. It will be remembered

that Pausanias had been deposed from the command of the allied fleet at

Byzantium on account of his too manifest intrigues with the Persians. The

party of Cimon was now instigated from Sparta to prefer the same charge

against Themistocles, and he was accordingly accused of being in

collusion with the court of Susa. This charge, however, could not be

sustained, but the manners and conduct of their leader had become so

distasteful to the Athenians that in a short time an appeal was made to

the ostracism and Themistocles was banished.

He went first to Argos, where he remained five years. Before the

expiration of that time, however, proofs were discovered of his being

implicated with Pausanias in a treasonable correspondence with Persia.

The Spartan leader after his downfall had returned to the service as a

private, had then lived in Asia Minor, had time and again been suspected

of disloyalty, had been recalled to Sparta, but not brought to trial on

account of the trepidation of the Ephors in the presence of the criminal.

By and by Pausanias dispatched a slave to bear a letter to Asia; but the

slave remembering that his fellows who had previously gone on such

missions had never returned, broke the seal and read how he himself was

to be killed as soon as the letter was delivered. He went in terror and

gave the missive to the Ephors. The latter thus obtained convincing

proofs of the guilt of Pausanias, and were about to arrest him when he

fled to the temple of Poseidon. Not daring to drag him from the altar

they ordered masons to build up the doors, and in this work the mother

came and laid the first stone. When the wall was built solid the roof was

removed and Pausanias was left to starve to death.

When in the agonies of death, however, his body was carried out lest it

should pollute the altar. His correspondence was rifled and letters were

found showing that Themistocles was also in the conspiracy to deliver

Greece to Persia. Sparta thereupon renewed her demand that the great

Athenian should be brought to trial. When about to be arrested, however,

Themistocles fled, first to the court of Admetus, king of the Molossians,

thence to Asia Minor, and thence to Artaxerxes at Susa. Here he became a

resident, in close confidence of the Persian king. By him, after a year,

the Greek was sent to Magnesia and given the revenues of that city for

sup- port-this with the understanding that the plans now matured for

delivering his country to Artaxerxes should be carried out. But in a

short time Themistocles died, nor was the suspicion wanting that he

killed himself in a fit of despair. Thus in utter disgrace perished the

heroes of Plataea and Salamis.

Aristides held out faithful to the end. He died four years after the

banishment of Themistocles, and such was his poverty that he was buried

at the public expense. Nevertheless he kept until the hour of his death

his hold upon the public confidence, and he was at that time Archon

eponymous of the city. His sterling virtues had served a better purpose

in the great issue of life than the brilliant talents of Themistocles or

the military genius of Miltiades. His reputation remained untarnished to

the last, and the historians of his country have transmitted his spotless

fame to an admiring posterity.

By the death of the great leader, Cimon was left in the lead of Athenian

politics. Although his antecedents placed him in the ranks of the old

oligarchic party, his manners, talents, and address rendered him popular

with the masses. He was a citizen of undoubted patriotism, and expended a

good part of his revenue in adorning the city. His own house was a public

resort, in which every