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UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.

undertaken by the Grecian chiefs for the recovery of the Golden Fleece. This fleece

belonged to the ram of Phrixus. He was the son of Athamas and Nephele. When Nephele died

Athamas married Ino. Phrixus and Helle, his sister, were very unhappy until the ram with

the golden fleece came and carried them away. While he bore them aloft Helle fell off and

was drowned in the narrow strait thenceforth called the Hellespont. Phrixus rode onward to

the palace of AEetes, king of Colchis. By him was the ram sacrificed to Zeus and the

fleece hung up in the palace until what time the chiefs of the Greeks should come and

recover it.

The Greek leaders were gathered for this mission by JASON. They sailed away in the good

ship Argo-Heracles, Meleagros, Amphiaraos, Admetus, and many others. They passed the rocks

called the Symplegades, that opened and closed so quickly that scarcely might a bird dart

through with safety. They traversed the land of the Amazons, and came to Colchis. AEetes

refused to surrender the fleece until Jason should plow the land with the fire-breathing

bulls and sow it with the teeth of the dragon, who guarded the fleece. Medea aided him.

She anointed his body so that the breath of the bulls should not destroy him, and

instructed him to throw a stone among the armed men that sprang up from the teeth of the

dragon. On doing this, the armed men fell to slaying each other. Then Medea lulled the

dragon to. sleep. Jason quickly slew him and bore away the Golden Fleece in triumph.

The story of the Trojan War is perhaps the most famous tradition of antiquity. In the

poems of Homer it has acquired an immortality of fame. The circumstances leading to the

war have already been referred to in the myth of Venus, to whom, by the judgment of Paris,

was awarded the golden apple thrown by Strife among the deities at their banquet. When it

was known that Helen was abducted from the house of her lord, Menelaus, king of Sparta,

there was a general uprising among the princes of Greece for her recovery. A great

expedition was undertaken by water against Troy, the city of Priam, on the upper coast of

Asia Minor. The gods and goddesses were nearly all involved in the conflict. Hera and

Athene were for the Greeks; Aphrodite for the Trojans. The city was besieged for ten

years, and was finally, when naked valor had failed, taken by the device of the Wooden

Horse. Famous in all the world is the story of the stratagem. The Greeks made a huge

effigy of a horse, and filled the cavernous body