Page 0482

482 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.

Of the Rhodian school of artists the work of greatest merit which has been preserved is

the group of the Laocoon, the joint product of the three sculptors, AGESANDROS,

ATHANADORUS, and POLYDORUS. This celebrated piece and the Dying Gladiator, just

described, stand in the museum of the Vatican at Rome. A second work of Rhodian art,

almost as celebrated as the Laocoon, is the group of the Farnese Bull, representing the

binding of Dirke to a wild bull by Amphion and Zethus. It is the joint product of the

sculptors APOLLONIUS and TAURISCUS. Such were the last productions of Grecian chisels down

to the time when the freedom of Hellas was extinguished by the Romans. From that time

forth, though the love of art continued, no artists arose to rival the great masters who

had flourished before the days of spoliation and servitude. It became the policy of Rome,

however, to foster for her own glory the genius of the Greeks; and under her liberal

patronage were produced not a few of the celebrated sculptures to be hereafter noticed,

such as the Apollo Belvedere and the Venus de Medici,

CHAPTER XXXIX-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

THE life of the Greeks was preeminently a life of publicity. At day- break the people rose

and went forth. Having broken his fast with some bread dipped in wine, the citizen sought

the open place to take his part in the busy scene of public and private affairs. Even

before this early hour the country folk had arisen and made their way to the markets. In

the marts were exposed the products of the field and the garden. Here were vegetables and

fruit and milk and honey. At the fountains were seen the water-carriers hurrying to and

fro with their pitchers. The artisans and shopkeepers soon thronged the streets, and the

city hummed with the noise of industry. Nor should the troops of boys hurrying to school

be forgotten as an interesting feature of the life that filled the streets of Athens at

early morning.

The public market of the city was a scene of hurry and, withal, of hilarity; for the

Athenians were never morose. The buildings stood in the center of town, where the

principal streets crossed, affording ready