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368 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD,

of the Western Taurus, but with the real object of killing his brother, the king, and

taking the throne of Persia.

By various maneuvers and subterfuges he succeeded in collecting eleven thousand Greek

soldiers. He put himself at the head of this army, which was soon augmented by two

thousand additional Greeks and nearly one hundred thousand provincials gathered from his

satrapy, and began his advance from Sardis through Lydia and Phrygia. Tissaphernes, in the

meantime,

had carried the tidings to Susa and given the alarm to the king, who readily perceived

that he was the object of the expedition. It was not, however, until Cyrus had penetrated

Cilicia that the mask was thrown off and his real intentions divulged to the soldiery.

The Greeks at first refused to proceed, but were gradually won over to the project. The

advance was resumed, and after a twenty-nine days march from Tarsus the army reached

Thapsacus, on the Euphrates. The river was forded, but not until the Greeks had again been

stimulated with a promise of additional pay. The course now lay down the left bank of the

Euphrates, and after thirty-three days Cyrus came within one hundred and twenty miles of

Babylon, where the first traces of the enemy were seen. After that the advance was made

each day with slowness and caution.

In the meantime, Artaxerxes, fully aroused, had raised a force of nine hundred thousand

men, and was advancing to the onset. At last the two armies came in sight on the famous

field of CUNAXA.

Cyrus had believed that his brother was fleeing before him, and came near being surprised;

but he quickly recovered himself, and put his army in array of battle. Within three hours

after the first sight of the Persian host was caught, the conflict began. The Greek

auxiliaries were placed on the right center, and were the main dependence of Cyrus in the

battle. The forces of Artaxerxes were so vast as to outflank the invaders on both wings,

but Cyrus prevented this by resting his right against the river. The Greeks began the

fight by singing a paean to Zeus and then