368 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD,
of the Western Taurus, but with the real object of killing his brother, the king, and
taking the throne of Persia.
By various maneuvers and subterfuges he succeeded in collecting eleven thousand Greek
soldiers. He put himself at the head of this army, which was soon augmented by two
thousand additional Greeks and nearly one hundred thousand provincials gathered from his
satrapy, and began his advance from Sardis through Lydia and Phrygia. Tissaphernes, in the
had carried the tidings to Susa and given the alarm to the king, who readily perceived
that he was the object of the expedition. It was not, however, until Cyrus had penetrated
Cilicia that the mask was thrown off and his real intentions divulged to the soldiery.
The Greeks at first refused to proceed, but were gradually won over to the project. The
advance was resumed, and after a twenty-nine days march from Tarsus the army reached
Thapsacus, on the Euphrates. The river was forded, but not until the Greeks had again been
stimulated with a promise of additional pay. The course now lay down the left bank of the
Euphrates, and after thirty-three days Cyrus came within one hundred and twenty miles of
Babylon, where the first traces of the enemy were seen. After that the advance was made
each day with slowness and caution.
In the meantime, Artaxerxes, fully aroused, had raised a force of nine hundred thousand
men, and was advancing to the onset. At last the two armies came in sight on the famous
field of CUNAXA.
Cyrus had believed that his brother was fleeing before him, and came near being surprised;
but he quickly recovered himself, and put his army in array of battle. Within three hours
after the first sight of the Persian host was caught, the conflict began. The Greek
auxiliaries were placed on the right center, and were the main dependence of Cyrus in the
battle. The forces of Artaxerxes were so vast as to outflank the invaders on both wings,
but Cyrus prevented this by resting his right against the river. The Greeks began the
fight by singing a paean to Zeus and then