292 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.
have offended all Christendom. She outlived her husband, as well as AHAZIAH, who succeeded
him, until she and her favorite son JEHORAM were both put to death by JEHU, captain of the
guard. The latter took the kingdom, and held it long enough to lose alibis territories
east of the Jordan in a war with Hazael, king of Damascus. It was at this epoch that
Israel first became tributary to Assyria,, in the reign of
THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON
Asshur-Nazir-Pal, monarch of that country. In the times of JEHOAHAZ, successor of Jehu,
the Syrians made further conquests from Israel, and the kingdom appeared on the verge of
extinction until the military abilities of JOASH, the next king of the line, restored a
part of what had been lost during the two preceding reigns.
These temporary successes were extended by JEROBOAM II, the ablest king of Israel, who
regained all that the surrounding nations had won from his kingdom, and restored the
former borders of Israel. After him, however, there was another lapse, both ZECHARIAH and
SHALIUM-the next two kings-being murdered in the same year. MENAHEM succeeded to the
throne, and undertook a vain-glorious expedition against the Babylonians, whose dominions
he invaded as far as Thapsacus. This town he took, only to be quickly expelled and
followed to his own dominions by Pul the Babylonian.
The next two reigns, of PEKAHIAH and PEKAH, were of little importance. During this time
(762-730 B. C.) Tiglath-Pileser, of Assyria, overran the territories of Israel and reduced
the kingdom to the last extreme. Hoshea, the last king of Israel,