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291 BABYLONIA.--CIVIL AND MILITARY ANNALS

in some measure under his countenance. Polygamly was introduced and abetted by the king's

example and his personal Conduct in many respects has subjected him to the censure of

after ages. Growing out of the jealousies attendant upon his multiple marriages, his sons,

Absalom and Adonijah, revolted against their father's authority, and the former of the two

was proclaimed king. The armies of Israel were sent against them, Absalom was. killed, and

Adonijah was sentenced and executed after the death of the king. .

David was succeded by his son Solomon, whose chief glory is the building of the temple at

Jerusalem. He was perhaps the most cultured and certainly the most splendid king of his

times. The fame of his court extended into all the surrounding nations. Luxury was given

full sway. The government was transformed into a sultanate,in which all the vices of the

East. flourished* The splendors of the gorgeous temple erected on Mount Moriah shone with

a strange luster into the royal palace and harem of the abandoned king. His old age was,

distracted with domestic troubles, and his death was clouded with the shadows of imminent

revolt and dissolution...

No sooner was Solomon dead than REHOBOAM, his son and successor, adopted his father's

methods as his own. He assumed towards the discontented people, long oppressed by heavy

burdens of taxation, a

haughty air well calculated to fire the rebellious spirit. JEROBOAM, the Ephraimite,

appeared as a popular leader. Ten

of the tribes revolted and went over to MI of the tribes revolted and went over to his

banner. The remaining .two tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained under Rehoboam, who

henceforth took the title of king of Judah, the ten tribes under Jeroboam constituting the

kingdom of ISRAEL. Thus, in B. C. 975,was effected the division of the Hebrew nation into

two people, who ever afterwards maintained towards each other an attitude of estrangement

and hostility.

Jerusalem remained the capital of Judah, but-the borders of Israel came within ten miles

of the city. Thecapital of the latter kingdom was fixed first at Shechem, then at Tirzah,

and finally at Samaria Jeroboam began his reign with a series of measures best calculated

to win the people away from any remaining compunctions as it respected allegiance to the

House of David, now represented by Rehoboam. At Bethel and Dan new sanctuaries were set

up, and the god Apis, cast of gold was substituted for the ark and the altar of the

temple. new priesthood was instituted, and not a few Levites went over from Judah to

Israel. The people followed the new idolatry with enthusiasm. It was under these

conditions that Elijiah appeared and fought the good fight with the prophets of Baal.

' From Jeroboam, the first, to Hoshea, the last, of the kings of Israel, there were

nineteen reigns. The rulers who held the throne during this period belonged to no fewer

than nine diffrent houses---a fact indicativce of the extreme turbulence of the kingdom.

NADAB, the successor of Jeroboam, was murdered by his successor, BAASHA . The latter had

some military .ambition and built a fortress at Ramah, with a view to future encroachments

on the kingdom of. Judah, but Ben-hadad, king of Syria and friend of Judah, drove the

Israelite back into his own country. ELAH succeeded to the throne only to be slain by

Zimri, who was king for a week, when he in turn was deposed by 0mri, Who had been Elah's

captain of the host. . Then cane AHAB and JEZEBEL, whose unsavory names