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his sway; but the written traditions of the great king are contradictory in many parts, and in not a few are evidently the result of fulsome eulogy. The building by Ramses of a great wall from Pelusium to Heliopolis, in order to protect his eastern frontier against the onsets of the Syrians and Arabs, can hardly be regarded as the work of a conqueror; and the cutting of a system of canals from Memphis downward to the sea was in all probability an enterprise intended to impede the movements of an invading enemy. None the less, the

monuments of the Second Ramses, even when interpreted with a liberal allowance for exaggeration, prove conclusively the greatness of the king and the glory of the age which produced them. By this monarch was completed the