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55 EGYPT-CIVIL AND MILITARY ANNALS.

 

sovereign by imitating the civil and military policy of Pepi. All Egypt was under his dominion, from Tanis to Nubia, from the Red Sea to the western desert. Especial attention was given during his reign to the establishment and maintenance of these enlarged boundaries, to the irrigation of the country by means of canals, and to the civil administration of the provincial governors. Sculpture, architecture, and the building of monumental tombs were revived and practiced with the old-time zeal. The figure and fame of Amenemha have been preserved in a colossal statue of red granite, found at Tanis, in Lower Egypt.

The successor of Amenemha was USERTESEN1 I. Under this sovereign the kingdom reached a pitch of prosperity never previously attained since the downfall of the Fourth Dynasty. The vigor and splendor of his administration are attested alike by tradition and monument. The inscriptions on the rocks in the Wadi Halfa show something of the extent and importance of his foreign conquests, and the obelisk of Heliopolis, 2 the oldest which has

1 In Duncker, Sesurtesen. The kings of this family are known as the Usertesidae.

2 The inscription repeated on the four sides of the obelisk of Heliopolis may serve to show, once for all, the style in which these old magnificent kings were celebrated. The sculptured legend runs thus: "Horus, the life of that which is born, the child of the sun, USERTESEN, who is beloved by the spirits of Heliopolis, who will live forever, the golden hawk, the life of that which is born, this gracious god has erected this obelisk at the beginning of the great festival. He has erected it who assures us of life forever."

OBELISK OF HELIOPOLIS