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CONTENTS OF VOLUME 1.

 

Line of Rulers in Judah from Rehoboam to Zedekiah. Capture of Tyre. War with Egypt resumed. Its Result. Traditions of Nebuchadnezzar. Captives in Babylon. Their Work in that Metropolis. Great Cities and Enterprises. Character of Nebuchadnezzar. His Pride. Falls to dreaming. The Hebrew Daniel tells him the meaning. The King goes insane. Evil Merodach succeeds to the Throne. Revolution. Neriglissar reigns. Nabonadius obtains the Crown. The Shadow of Persia. Babylonian Alliance with Lydia. Attempts to protect Babylon. Lydia falls before the Medes. Cyrus invades Babylonia. Defeats Nabonadius. Capture of Babylon by the Persians. End of the Empire ............... .281-302

BOOK SIXTH-PERSIA.

CHAPTER XXVI.-THE COUNTRY.

Territorial greatness of the Empire. Political divisions. Persia Proper. Climate and Characteristics. Rivers. Lakes. Mountains. Districts. Forests. Plateau of Iran. Its Features. Streams. Valley of the Indus. Land of the Fish-eaters. Elburz Region. Armenia. Its Mountains. Asia Minor. Island Possessions of Persia. African Dominions. Great Variety of Resources ............ 305-310

CHAPTER XXVII.-CLIMATE AND PRODUCTS.

Tremendous Heats of Southern Persia. Chill in the Uplands. Rigors in the Mountains. Climate of the Indus Valley. Vegetable Growths of Persia. Grains and Fruits, Wild Animals. Fishes and Reptiles. Domestic Animals. Persian Mines. Pearls and Gems. Animal Life of the Provinces. Birds. The Iguana and Chameleon ............. 311-314

CHAPTER XXVIII.-PEOPLE AND CITIES.

The Persians of the Iranic Stock. Same Race with the Medes. Principal Tribes of the Family. The Parthians. The Gandarians. The Sattagydians The Gedrosians. The Mycians. The Scythians. The Cappadocians. The Phrygians. The City of Persepolis. Pasargadae. Its Ruins. Susa. Miletus. Sardis. Ephesus. Temple of Diana. Its Wealth and Adornments. Review of Climatic Conditions as affecting Civilization ........... 314-318

CHAPTER XXIX.-ARTS AND SCIENCES.

High Rank of Persian Architecture. Exhibited in Royal Palaces and Tombs. The Two Palaces of Persepolis. Character of the Platform. Plan of the Structure. The Terraces. The Ascent by Steps. Sculptures of the Stair-cases. What they Signify. The Ten Edifices. Hall of Pillars. Houses of Xerxes and Artaxerxes. Style of Columns and Ornamentation. The Gate-ways. The Hall of a Hundred Columns. A Place for Administration. The Great Hall of Audience. Ruins of Pasargadae. Remains at Istakr.The Palace of Susa. The Tombs of the Kings.General Character of Architecture. Sculpture. The Things represented. Persian Coins. Utensils. Personal Decorations. Social and Economic Arts. Absence of Science. Unreflective Character of the Aryans . . .319-326

CHAPTER XXX.-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

The Persian Type. Stature and Features. Intellectual Qualities. Literary Abilities. Warlike Spirit. Moral Qualities. The Truth-telling Character. Self-indulgence. Political Servility. Usages and Manners. The Soldiery. Weapons and Armor. Persian Cavalry. Scythe-bearing War-chariots. Persian Order of Battle. Confidence in Numbers. Stratagems. Generalship. The King Commanding. Decimal Organization. The Persian Army Marching. Ethics of the Battle-field. The Empire a Land Dominion. Maritime Skill acquired. Ancient Wargalleys. The Trireme in Particular. Pontoons. The Persian King. His Place in the State. His Dress and Regalia. His Officers. A Fragrant Majesty. The Royal Retinue. Habits of the Palace. The Harem. The Queen-mother. The Eunuchs. Princely Houses. Ceremonial of the Court. Rules for the King. He hunts and games. His reading done by Proxy. He was the State. Tenfold Tribal Division. Dress and Manners of the Common People. Education of Boys. Disesteem of Industry Vanities The Penal Code . . . 327-337

CHAPTER XXXI.-LANGUAGE AND RELIGION

Kinship of Persic and European Tongues. Peculiarities of the Language. The Alphabet. Cuneiform Method of Writing. Persian Inscriptions. History of the Arrow-head System. Grotefend. Affinity of Persian and Median Religions. Zoroaster. His Place in History. His Work. Monotheism and Dualism. Worship of Ahura-Mazdao. Persian Temples. Sacrifices. Idolatry. The Ahuras and the Devas The Good Genius. Analogy to Judaism. Apostasy. Institution of Magism. Prevalence of Showy Forms .................. 338-342

CHAPTER XXXII.-CIVIL AND MILITARY ANNALS.

Primitive Persia. Foundation of the Monarchy. Achaemenes. Reign of Teispes. Coming of Camby