War of the Rebellion: Serial 128 Page 0420 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.

Search Civil War Official Records

Colonel Clanton visits Richmond in person and will deliver you this letter, and I commend him to your polite attention and confidence.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


Governor of Alabama.



Richmond, March 6, 1863.

I. The following act of Congress and regulations to enforce the same are published for the information of all persons concerned:

CHAP. LXII. -AN ACT to protect the rights of owners of slaves taken by or employed in the Army.

The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That every person connected with the Army or Navy of the Confederate States arresting or coming into possession of any slave, by capture from the enemy or otherwise than by lawful authority, shall immediately report the same to the commanding officer of the post, or brigade or station to which he may be attached. The said commanding officer shall, with as little delay as practicable, send the slaves so reported to the nearest depot described in the next section, with a register of the place and date of their arrest: Provided, however, That the said slaves or any of them may at once be delivered to their respective owners, if claim is made and established on satisfactory evidence.

SEC. 2. The Secretary of War shall establish depots for recaptured slaves at convenient places, not more than five in numbers, in each State, and all slaves captured in such State shall be kept in such depots. Public notice shall be given of the places so selected.

SEC. 3. Lists of the slaves in each of such depots showing the name and color of such slaves, the place and time of their arrest, and the names of their owners, as given by themselves, or otherwise ascertained, shall be regularly advertised in each State, in one or more newspapers of general circulation.

SEC. 4. While such slaves are in depot, they may be employed, under proper guard, on public works; but no slave shall be removed from the depot to which he is first carried for at least one month after the first advertisement of his being there, nor then, unless an exact register is made of the removal and due advertisement made in the newspapers as aforesaid.

SEC. 5. Free access shall be permitted to all persons desiring to inspect the said slaves for the purpose of identifying them and establishing ownership, and upon due proof they shall be immediately restored to the persons claiming them.

SECfurther be the duty of the Secretary of War to require the names of all slaves in the employment of an officer or soldier of the Confederate Army or Navy, with the names and residence of their owners, and of the person by whom hired out, and of the officer or soldier hiring, to be reported to his Department, and a full register thereof to be kept for public inspection.

SEC. 7. The President shall prescribe regulations for carrying this act into effect and provide for the subsistence of said slaves while in such depots.

Approved October 13, 1862.

II. Depots for recaptured slaves are hereby established at the following places, viz: At the camps of instruction at Richmond, Petersburg, and Dublin Station, Va. ; Raleigh, N. C. ; Columbia, S. C. ; Macon and Decatur, Ga. ; Notasulga and Talladega, Ala. ; Tallahassee, Fla. ; Brookhaven and Enterprise, Miss. ; Monroe, Camp Moore, and New Iberia, La. ; Houston, Texas; Knoxville and McMinnville, Ten. ; Little Rock, Ark.

III. The commandants of the several camps of instruction will protide necessary quarters for all negroes sent to the depots; will detail sufficient guards for their safe-keeping; provide for their custody, employment, and subsistence; require full and accurate registers to be kept, and advertisements as prescribed by the act of Congress to be regularly made, and afford all facilities to claimants to establish