The regulations framed by this office for volunteer recruiting service remained in force with but slight modifications during the war. The re-enlistment of veteran volunteers in the field and the recruitment of all colored volunteers was under the direction of the Adjutant-General.
The following statement shows the numbers recruited under his direction:
Militia (three and nine months) from April 15,
1861, to May 1, 1863............................. 195,921
Volunteers from May 3, 1861, to May 1, 1863...... 1,149,719
Veteran volunteers re-enlisted in the
field, 1863-"64.................................. *138,251
Colored troops during the war.................... 169,624
making about two-thirds of the whole number furnished during the war.
The subject of organizing volunteer troops was under the charge of the Adjutant-General throughout the war. This involved-
First. The establishing and management of the general depots or rendezvous in the several States for collecting and instructing recruits.
Second. The care of all recruits (including those enlisted under the Provost-Marshal-General's Bureau) after arrival at general depot.
Third. The organization of the recruits, if for now commands, into regiments and companies.
Fourth. The forwarding of all troops, new organizations and detachments of recruits for old ones, to the field.
Fifth. The muster in of commissioned officers and enlisted men for all organizations already in the field, and for those serving not in the field, but under the control of commanding generals of departments.
This important duty, in which many difficult questions arise, upon the solution of which depends the commencement of pay or date of rank, required at times a corps of 200 commissaries and assistant commissaries of musters, or one commissary for each military geographical division and department and each army, and one assistant for each division of troops.
Sixth. The mustering out and discharging all volunteers and military and returning them to their homes.
Table D, giving two classifications-one by States, the other by calls-shows the number of new organizations organized and forwarded to the field under direction of this office during the war.
Pursuant to the provisions of section 33 of the "Act to increase and fix the military peace establishment of the United States," approved July 28, 1866, the Bureau and office of the Provost- Marshal-General of the United States were discontinued on the 28th of August, and by General Orders, Numbers 66, War Department, Adjutant-General's Office, August 20, 1866, all business relating in any way to the Provost-Marshal-General's Bureau, or the raising of troops, with all the accounts and claims connected therewith, of whatever character or date or whensoever incurred, were transferred to the Adjutant-General of the Army, to whom all the records, papers, funds, and property were turned over. The Adjutant-General was authorized to retain such officers and clerks as were required, and directed to reduce the force from time to time as it could be done without detriment to the public service. The regulations and orders framed for the Provost-
* By credits subsequently allowed this number has been increased to 146,030.