War of the Rebellion: Serial 126 Page 0623 UNION AUTHORITIES.

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Table showing the population by sexes, and the preponderance of either sex in certain States according to the Census of 1860, and the total number enrolled April 30, 1865, with the ratio of enrollment to male and total population.

State Males Females Excess of Excesses

females of females

over males over males

Maine 317, 189 311,090 6,099 ...

New 159,816 166,257 ... 6,441

Hampshire

Vermont 158,786 156,312 2,474 ...

Massachuse 596,713 634,353 ... 37,640

tts

Rhode 84,133 90,487 ... 6,640

Island

Connecticu 225,994 234,153 ... 8,159

t

New York 1,933,532 1,947,203 ... 13,671

New Jersey 336,045 336,972 ... 927

Pennsylvan 1,454,319 1,451,796 2,523 ...

ia

Delaware 55,829 54,639 190 ...

Maryland 296,585 313,275 ... 16,690

Dist. of 35,499 39,581 ... 4,082

Columbia

Ohio 1,190,162 1,149,349 41,813 ...

Indiana 699,260 651,168 48,092 ...

Illinois 900,761 809,190 91,751 ...

Kentucky 479,312 450,889 28,423 ...

Missouri 564,841 502,240 62,601 ...

Michigan 393,486 353,112 40,374 ...

Wisconsin 407,459 368,432 39,027 ...

Iowa 354,593 320,420 34,173 ...

Minnesota 91,930 77,824 14,106 ...

Kansas 59,178 48,026 11,152 ...

Total 10,795,422 10,466,768 422,618 93,964

State Total Number Ratio of Ratio of

population enrolled enrollment enrollment

April 30, to male to total

1865 population population

Maine 628,279 46,121 14.53 7.34

New 326,073 26,302 16.45 8.07

Hampshire

Vermont 315,098 23,326 14.49 7.40

Massachuse 1,231,066 105,650 17.70 8.58

tts

Rhode 174,620 16,256 19.32 9.30

Island

Connecticu 460,147 40,708 18.00 8.84

t

New York 3,880,735 431,462 22.31 11.11

New Jersey 673,017 70,055 20.84 10.40

Pennsylvan 2,906,115 236,436 18.11 9.06

ia

Delaware 110,468 7,011 12.55 6.34

Maryland 609,860 55,802 18.81 9.15

Dist. of 75,080 10,725 30.21 14.28

Columbia

Ohio 2,339,511 205,867 17.29 8.79

Indiana 1,350,428 153,238 21.91 11.34

Illinois 1,709,951 274,409 30.46 16.04

Kentucky 930,201 104,082 21.71 11.18

Missouri 1,067,081 133,501 23.63 12.51

Michigan 746,598 75,248 19.12 10.07

Wisconsin 775,891 54,737 13.43 7.05

Iowa 675,013 82,803 23.35 12.26

Minnesota 169,754 18,556 20.18 10.81

Kansas 107,204 23,022 38.90 21.47

Total 21,262,190 2,222,317 a 20.61 a 10.51

a Average ratio per cent.

It will be seen from this table and Table 3, Document 6, of Appendix, that some of the Western States, with quotas under the calls of 1861 and 1862 (assigned on the basis of population) nearly the same as some of the Eastern States, furnished all required, and yet had a much larger proportion of men liable to military duty left than Eastern States which did not fill the quotas assigned under those calls, and were, in consequence, charged with a deficiency on subsequent calls. In some instances, therefore, where a deficiency existed it may be attributed somewhat to excessive quotas in 1861 and 1862, assigned on the basis of population, and the excess of troops furnished by some States may, on the same principle, be due in a measure to their surplus of men.

The States showing the larger ratios of enrollment to male population are-

First. Those to which the more recent immigration has been most considerable, meaning immigration both from foreign countries and that resulting from the movement from the Atlantic States westward. Under this head Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, and Kansas are examples.

Second. Those States having large cities, to which all able- bodied men resort for employment, especially those near the depots of foreign immigration, in which males from abroad remain upon landing, or to which males from abroad remain upon landing, or to Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. The State of New York is the most striking instance of the above, containing, as it does, the chief depot of foreign immigration and, as well, a metropolitan district