War of the Rebellion: Serial 125 Page 0982 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.

Search Civil War Official Records

In presenting the abandonment of armed resistance to the national authority on the part of the insurgents as the only indispensable condition to ending the war on the part of the Government, I retract nothing heretofore said as to slavery. I repeat the declaration made a year ago, that "while I remain in my present position I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation proclamation, nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress. " If the people should, by whatever mode or means, make it an Executive duty to re-enslave such persons, another, and not I, must be their instrument to perform it.

In stating a single condition of peace, I mean simply to say that the war will cease on the part of the Government whenever it shall have ceased on the part of those who began it.


Table showing the aggregate votes in the States named at the Presidential elections, respectively, in 1860 and 1864.

State. 1860. 1864.

California 118,840 a 110,000

Connecticut 77,246 86,616

Delaware 16,039 16,924

Illinois 329,693 348,235

Indiana 272,143 280,645

Iowa 128,331 143,331

Kentucky 146,216 a 91,300

Maine 97,918 115,141

Maryland 92,502 72,703

Massachusetts 169,533 175,487

Michigan 154,747 162,413

Minnesota 34,799 42,534

Missouri 165,538 a 90,000

New Hampshire 65,953 69,111

New Jersey 121,125 128,680

New York 675,156 730,664

Ohio 442,441 470,745

Oregon 14,410 b 14,410

Pennsylvania 476,442 572,697

Rhode Island 19,931 22, 187

Vermont 42,844 55,811

West Virginia 46,195 33,874

Wisconsin 152, 180 148,513

3,870,222 3,982,011

Kansas ......... 17,234

Newada ......... 16,528



Total ......... 4,015,773


Net increase ......... 145,551

a Nearly

b Estimated.



In the Field, Va., December 7, 1864.

Major-General SCHENCK,

Committee on Military Affairs,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C.:

GENERAL: At your request, in view of the conversation which was had between us upon the necessity of reorganizing the Army, I will