War of the Rebellion: Serial 125 Page 0951 UNION AUTHORITIES.

Search Civil War Official Records

upon the engines and cars ordered, which were completed in an unprecedentedly short time, and this hearty co-operation furnished the required equipment in season to prevent any delay or derangement of the campaign which ended with the capture of Atlanta.

The following tabular statement exhibits the development of this railroad system centering at Nashville from February 4 to June 30, 1864:

U. S. Military Railroads, Division of the Mississippi-Statement of lines operated from February 4, 1864, to June 30, 1864.

IN USE FEBRUARY 4, 1864.

Name of line. From- To- Miles.

Nashville and Nashville Chattanooga 151

Chattanooga

Nashville, Decatur do Dark's Mills 39

and Stevenson

Do Stevenson Huntsville 60

Chattanooga and Chattanooga Charleston 42

Knoxville

Total - - 292

IN USE AT ANY TIME FROM FEBRUARY 4, 1864, TO JUNE 30, 1864.

Nashville and Nashville Chattanooga 151

Chattanooga

Shelbyville Branch Wartrace Shelbyville 9

McMinnville and Tullahoma McMinnville 35

Manchester

Trenton Branch Wauhatchie Trenton 12

Nashville, Decature Nashville Stevenson 200

and Stevenson

Mount Pleasant Branch Columbia Mount 12

Pleasant

Nashville and Nashville Tennessee 78

Northwestern River

Chattanooga and Chattanooga Knoxville 112

Knoxville

Knoxville and Bristol Knoxville Bull's Gap 56

Chattanooga and Chattanooga Big Shanty 107

Atlanta

Cleveland and Dalton Cleveland Dalton 27

Rome Branch Kingston Rome 20

Total --- ---- 819

IN USE JUNE 30, 1864.

Nashville and Nashville Chattanooga 151

Chattanooga

Nashville, Decatur do Stevenson 200

and Stevenson

Nashville and do Tennessee 78

Northwestern River

Chattanooga and Chattanooga Knoxville 112

Knoxville

Chattanooga and do Big Shanty 107

Atlanta

Cleveland and Cleveland Dalton 27

Dalton

Rome Branch Kingston Rome 17

Louisville City --- --- 2

Total --- --- 694

From the above table it appears:

First. The number of miles in use February 4, 1864, was 292.

Second. The total number operated prior to June 30, 1864, was 819.

Third. The number in use June 30, 1864, was 694.

This enormous expansion, amounting to 527 miles in less than five months, or at the rate of more than 100 miles per month, rendered extraordinary measures necessary to meet the demands for transportation.

The following extract from the report of the general superintendent will show what means were taken and the results accomplished:

The deficient supply of rolling-stock rendered it necessary to use extraordinary means to obtain enough to work the roads, as they were rapidly lengthened by the advance of the army.