War of the Rebellion: Serial 125 Page 0948 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.

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H shows number of men employed upon the military railroads of Virginia, exclusive of those on the Norfolk and Petersburg and Seaboard and Roanoke Railroads.

I shows expenses Norfolk and Petersburg and Seaboard and Roanoke Railroads at Norfolk, Va.

K shows inventory of material on the Norfolk, Va., roads.

L shows inventory of material in supply store at Norfolk, Va.

M shows locomotives upon the railroads at Norfolk, Va.

N shows number of men employed on railroads at Norfolk, Va.

O shows expenses of Richmond and York River Railroad, Virginia.

P shows expenses of Richmond and Aquia Creek Railroad, Virginia.

Q shows expenses of City Point and Army Line Railroad.

R shows inventory of material on hand upon the City Point and Army Line Railroad, Virginia.

S shows locomotives in use upon City Point and Army Line Railroad, Virginia.

T shows expenditures upon the railroads at Nashville, Tenn., and connecting lines.

U. shows general expense account.

II. THE MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI.

In obedience to an order from the War Department dated December 19, 1863, I proceeded to Tennessee and examined the condition of the military railroad lines in the Department of the Cumberland.

On the 19th of January, 1864, I had the honor to submit the following report.*

On the 4th of February, 1864, the following order was issued.+

Upon assuming the duties thus imposed upon me I found the most inadequate means provided to accomplish the results for which the railroads were employed. The main army was at Chattanooga and its vicinity, and all its supplies were sent from Nashville, 151 miles distant, over the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. This road was in the worst condition, its tracks nearly worn out, and all its appointments on the most meager and contracted scale.

In addition to this main line, the following others were used in connection with it:

Miles.

Nashville to Dark's Mills.................. 39

Stevenson to Huntsville.................................... 60

Chattanooga to Charleston.................................. 42

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Total......................................................141

Making, with the main Nashville and Chattanooga lines, 292 miles of road in actual operation.

My mention was first directed to the proper organization of the men employed, who were found with neither system, order, nor discipline, and without competent principal officers to direct their movements.

Two distinct departments were organized, one embracing operating railroads and keeping them in repair, the other the building, reconstruction, and opening of new lines, which as fast as put in order were turned over to the operating department.

The transportation, maintenance, and repairs of roads in use were instructed to a general superintendent, who was authorized to employ

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* See Series I, Vol. XXXII, Part II, p. 143.

+ I bid., p. 329.

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