Gunpowder............................. pounds........ 5,764,769
Accouterments for men.................sets.......... 919,676
Equipments for cavalry horses..........do............ 94,639
Artillery harness,each set for two horses...do....... 3,281
An immense amount of material has been prepared at the different arsenals, and work in metals, wood, and leather, in large quantity, is advanced toward completion, for the manufacture and repairs of all the various machines and implements of war in sue in the service.
The quantities of the principal articles of ordnance materials in the control of the Department at the beginning of the war, the quantities of those articles that have since been procured, and the quantities of those articles on hand on June 30, 1863, are shown in the following table, viz;
Names of articles. On hand at Procured since
beginning of war. war began.
Siege of sea-coast 1,052 1,064
Field artillery 231 2,734
Firearms for infantry 437,433 1,950,144
Firearms for cavalry 31,268 338,128
Sabers 16,933 337,555
Cannon-halls and 363,591 2,562,744
Lead and lead 1,301,766 71,776,774
Cartridges for 28,248 2,738,746
Cartridges for small- 8,292,300 552,204,816
Percussion-caps 19,808,000 769,475,000
Friction-primers 83,425 7,004,709
Gunpowder....pounds... 1,110,584 13,424,363
Saltpeper.... do..... 2,923,348 5,231,731
Accouterments for 10,930 1,831,300
Accouterments for 4,320 194,466
Equipments for cavalry 574 216,658
Artillery harness 586 18,666
Names of articles. Issued since war On hand for issue
began. June 30, 1863.
Siege of sea-coast 2,088 928
Field artillery 2,481 484
Firearms for infantry 1,551,576 836,001
Firearms for cavalry 327,170 42,226
Sabers 271,817 82,671
Cannon-halls and 1,745,586 1, 180,749
Lead and lead 50,054,515 23,024,025
Cartridges for 2,274,490 492,504
Cartridges for small- 378,584,104 151,913,012
Percussion-caps 715,036,470 74,246,530
Friction-primers 6,082,505 1,005,629
Gunpowder....pounds... 13,071,073 1,463,874
Saltpeper.... do..... None. 8,155,079
Accouterments for 1,680,220 162,010
Accouterments for 196,298 2,498
Equipments for cavalry 211,670 5,562
Artillery harness 17,485 1,767
The resources of this country for the production of arms and munitions of war have only commenced their developments, yet their extent may be inferred from the enormous quantities of supplies shown by the foregoing tabular abstract to have been furnished furing the last two years. At the beginning of the war we were compelled to rely upon foreign countries for the supply of nearly all our arms and munitions. Now all these things are manufacture at home, and we are independent of foreign countries not only for the manufactures, but also for the materials of which they are composed.
The excellence of arms and munitions of American manufacture which have been supplied by the Ordnance Department to the Army has been so obvious that our soldiers are no longer willing to use those which have been imported from other countries.
The efforts made during the war to extend and improve the manufacture of arms and munitions have resulted in discoveries of great importance to the country in peace as well as in war. Among the arts thus improved is the manufacture of wrought-iron, now rivaling the finest qualities of the iron of Sweden, Norway, and England, so highly in the arts.
This country until the present year has relied upon those countries for material to make gun-barrels, bridle bits, car- wheel tires, and other articles requiring iron of fines quality. The iron of our own production is now superior to that obtained abroad for all these purposes.