War of the Rebellion: Serial 124 Page 1070 CORRESPONDENCE,ETC.

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Table showing the population by sexes, and the preponderance of either sex in certain States, according to the census of 1860, and the number enrolled in class 1, 1863, with the ratio of enrollment to male population.

States Males Females Excess of

males over

females

Maine 317, 189 331,090 6,099

New Hampshire 159,816 166,257 .......

Vermont 158,786 156,312 2,474

Massachusetts 596,713 634,353 ......

Rhode Island 84,133 90,487 ......

Connecticut 225,994 234,153 ......

New York 1,933,532 1,947,203 ......

New Jersey 336,045 336,972 ......

Pennsylvania 1,454,319 1,451,796 2,523

Delaware 55,829 54,639 190

Maryland 296,585 313,275 .....

District of 35,499 39,581 .....

Columbia

Ohio 1,190,162 1,149,349 41,813

Indiana 699,260 651,168 48,092

Illinois 900,761 809,190 91,571

Kentucky 497,312 450,889 28,423

Missouri 564,841 502,240 68,601

Michigan 393,486 353,112 40,375

Wisconsin 407,459 368,432 39,027

Iowa 354,593 320,420 34,173

Minnesota 91,930 77,026 14,106

Kansas 59,178 48,026 11,152

Total 10,795,422 10,466,768 422,618

States Excess of Number Ratio of

females over enrolled in enrollment to

males. class 1, 1863 male

population

Per cent

Maine ...... 53,626 17

New Hampshire 6,641 26,674 16 3\4

Vermont .... 23,568 15

Massachusetts 37,640 107,095 18

Rhode Island 6,354 14,403 17

Connecticut 8,159 38,456 17

New York 13,671 427,148 22

New Jersey 927 66,842 20

Pennsylvania .... 274,007 18 3\4

Delaware .... 8, 181 14 3\4

Maryland 16,690 (a) .....

District of 4,082 19,327 54 1\2

Columbia

Ohio ...... 207,806 17 1\2

Indiana ...... 134,500 19 1\2

Illinois ...... 183,501 20 1\3

Kentucky ...... (a) .....

Missouri ...... (a) .....

Michigan ...... 79,985 20 1\4

Wisconsin ..... 74,566 18 1\4

Iowa ...... 63,082 17 3\4

Minnesota ...... 20,805 22 1\2

Kansas ...... (a) .....

Total 93,964 1,823,572 .....

aNot complete.

Average ratio of enrollment to male population, 19.4 per cent.

It will be seen from this table that the States showing the larger rations of enrollment to male population are:

First. Those to which the more recent immigration has been most considerable, having in view immigration both from foreign countries and that resulting from the movement from the Atlantic States westward. Under this head Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota are examples.

Second. Those States having large cities, to which able-bodied men resort for employment, especially those near the depots of foreign immigration, in which males from abroad remain upon landing, or to which they most readily find their way. New Jersey, in which the ratio of enrollment to male population is 20 per cent., is an example of this, its cities and manufacturing towns--Newark, Jersey City, Trenton, &c.-furnishing employment for the unskilled labor of immigrants as well as to the "journeymen" class of the native population. The State of New York also is a more remarkable instance under this head. That State contains the chief depot of foreign immigration, and, as well, a metropolitan district with a population of more than a million, to which men in the prime of life are attracted from neighboring States.

The States showing the smallest percentage of enrollment with reference to male population are those most strictly rural, such as New Hampshire, 16 3\4 per cent; Vermont, 15 per cent.; Delaware, 14 3\4 per cent; these at the same time being States which are but slightly affected by the waves of foreign immigration, while they are also