War of the Rebellion: Serial 121 Page 0135 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. - UNION AND CONFEDERATE.

Search Civil War Official Records

done by their own request and as a special favor to them, for which they expressed themselves as under many obligation. The officers you named, in violation of their word of honor, which in the language of the written instrument, signed by each in duplicate, was given "without any evasion or mental reservation whatsoever," remained at Bristol until long after the time had expired in which they were allowed to report at Knoxville, and it cannot be admitted that they were " recapture" or that they can claim exemption from the responsibilities attached to a violation of the word of honor of an officers and a gentleman.

If they are justified by their Government in the course they have thought fit to pursue, it will serve hereafter as a warning to myself and others who may be inclined to show favors to Confederate officers prisoners of war.

I am very glad to learn that Medical Director Ramsey and other surgeons captured at Bristol will be sent through by flag, and that we are to get Surgeon Carrick and other surgeons. You will find by reference to the agreement made between Brigadier - General Vaughn and the representative of the U. S. authorities "that there were some conditions attached to that agreement exempting citizens from arrest which must be complied with, amongst which are these, that the citizen must belong to Tennessee, must be at his own home, and must not be engaged in any occupation in violation of law and military regulations, or be in the employ of either Government."

Mr. Sperry, the only person you name as having been arrested, and now held contrary to this agreement, and whose release is requested is a citizen of Knoxville and not of Bristol; he was not at his own home and was engaged in publishing a Knoxville paper at the time of his arrest, and if not in the employ of the Confederate Government, was doing all in his power against the United States Government through the medium of his press, violation of both law and military regulations; he is now in the hands of the civil authorities and not subject to military control.

In this connection permit me to inform you that since the agreement you speak of was entered into, twenty-one persons, citizens of Monroe County, Tenn., have been arrested by the Confederate authorities, so I am informed by the U. S. provost - marshal -general of East Tennessee, and also that orders were given by me last month directing that all citizens of Tennessee who came within the terms of the agreement alluded to, and all citizens of Virginia not in the employ of the Confederate Government, should be released and sent to their homes and I am informed that my instructions have been complied with.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEORGE STONEMAN,

Major - General.

HEADQUARTERS PRISONS EAST OF MISSISSIPPI RIVER,

Columbia, S. C., January 26, 1865.

General S. COOPER,

Adjutant and Inspector General, Richmond:

GENERAL: The Federal prisoners of war at all the prisons are suffering very much for want of clothing. I would be glad if the attention of the Federal Government was called to the fact.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JNO H. WINDER,

Brigadier - General.