War of the Rebellion: Serial 119 Page 0939 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. -UNION AND CONFEDERATE.

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plan for this has been approved by the commanding officer and depot quartermaster and will soon be erected. The absolute necessity for an increase of the water supply and for a system of drainage is recognized by the depot quartermaster and prompt attention is promised. I feel the less hesitance, sir, in suggesting and strongly urging these improvements at this post in view of its expected permanency as a U. S. station. the hospital proposed can be at any time after the removal of the prisoners used as a U. S. general hospital or as barracks for troops; and the proposed water-words and accompanying system of drainage will always be of service. I shall leave to-morrow morning for Springfield, Ill., and thence to Alton and Saint Louis.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Surgeon and Acting Medical Inspector of Prisoners of War.


Report of inspection of camp and field hospitals at Rock Island, Ill.,

February 4 to 7, 1864, by Surg. A. M. Clark, acting medical inspector prisoners of war.

Designation of camp-U. S. military prison, Rock Island, Ill. Commander of camp-Colonel A. J. Johnson, Invalid Corps. Command and strength-prisoners of war, 7,149; Federal troops, 16 companies Invalid Corps, 1,361; aggregate, 8,510. Location of camp-Rock Island, in Mississippi River, between cities of Rock Island, Ill., and Davenport, Iowa. Time occupied-first prisoners arrived December 3, 1863. Water, source and supply-chiefly from river by steam pump; one artisan well in camp, bore 9 inches by 125 feet capacity. Water, quality and effects-very good, especially that form well, but supply insufficient. (See remarks.) Fuel-bituminous coal; wood to a small extent. Soil-alluvial deposit, one to sex feet in depth, on limestone rock. Drainage-natural facilities good, though requiring blasting through rock; present system utterly inadequate. Topography-island of limestone rock, about three miles long, half a mile wide, lying east and west, west end cleared, remainder chiefly young woodland. Meteorology-prevailing winds south and southeast, frequent rains. Zymotic influences-extensive swamp on south border of camp requiring drainage or will be productive of miasmatic disease. Police of camp-bad as regards grounds; in barracks, most excellent, far excelling may Federal barracks. discipline in camp-policing. Tents or huts, position-84 barracks, arranged 6 rows of 14, streets 100 feet wide, distance between barracks 40 feet. Tents or huts, pattern and quality-one story, raised 1 to 3 feet from ground, 82 by 22 by 12 feet, 10 windows; cook-house at end of barracks, new and well built. Tents or huts, ventilation and removal- 2 ventilators in roof of each barrack 4 by 2 feet, insufficient without aid of windows. Tents or huts, sufficiency-60 double bunks in each barrack, accommodating 120, total 10,080. Tents or huts, heating-sufficient, 2 stoves in each barrack. Sinks, construction, condition and position-very faulty, excavating but 2 to 6 feet deep, owing to rock; absolutely necessary to employ movable sinks or build them over river, otherwise all the spare ground within the inclosure will soon become a seething mass of filth. Sinks, management-very faulty. Removal of offal, &c. -tolerably, but not thoroughly attended to. Previous use of camp-woodland. Rations-abundant and of good quality. Cooking in camp-cook house at end of each barrack, 18 by 22 by 12 feet, one 40 gallon caldron in each, utensils sufficient and in good order. Inspection of food-none after issue. Portable ovens-