Question. What kind of punishment do you inflict when any is necessary?
Answer. For slight offenses I make them "mark time" and for graver offenses I buck them.
Question. Your prisoners are Yankees and not Confederate soldiers?
Answer. Yes, sir; all of them.
Question (by Mr. WARD). You have sent your worst cases to the Castle have you not?
Answer. Yes, I have.
Question: to shoot an escaping prisoner a standing order?
Answer. No; I make my own orders and have them approved by General Winder. I would allow no man to be shot who could be caught without shooting.
Question. If a prisoner was to attempt to escape from your prison by running upstairs as one did at the Castle would you consider it the duty of that sentinel to shoot him?
Answer. Not unless that man was about to escape and there was no possibility of capturing him.
Question. Well, does a prisoner ever escape by running upstairs?
Answer. Not in my prison, sir.
Question. Would you investigate a case of the kind?
Answer. Yes, certainly, and report the facts to headquarters.
Question. Did you send a deranged man to Castle Thunder and who was killed there in attempting to escape?
Answer. No, sir; it was done by my predecessor.
Question. If a deranged man was brought to your prison would you not consider it your duty to warn all hands that he was deranged in order to guard against accidents or to confine him?
Answer. It would be very difficult to know what to do with him. The deranged man, Silas Richmond who was killed at the Castle was a Yankee. He passed the guard several times in my prison, but the general understood he was crazy. As for keeping the prisoners in the yard at the Castle over night I don't know anything about that.
SATURDAY, April 25, 1863.
The testimony was resumed for the defense.
Captain THOMAS P. TURNER recalled.
By Mr. WARD:
Question. Were you ever present at Castle Thunder when punishment was being inflicted?
Answer, Yes; I witnessed one whipping not by order of court-martial. I think General Winder authorized it. Three were whipped I think for maltreatment of other prisoners, stealing, &c. The lashes were laid on tolerably hard, one receiving twelve and the other six, and a third only three hashes. the lashes were laid on with a leather strap about eighteen inches long and weighing about one pound and a half. The lashes were laid on tolerably hard but left no mark; the skin was not broken. Captain Alexander had been instructed to administer twelve lashes, but he used his own discretion and lessened the number. After it was over he congratulated the prisoners on the manliness they exhibited and said he was sorry the necessity for the infliction of such punishment existed.
Question. Did you hear Captain Alexander say "Lay it on harder?"
Answer. No, sir. They were tied up by the wrists around a post except one who said he could not stand it an he was allowed to clasp his arms around the post.