War of the Rebellion: Serial 118 Page 0655 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. -UNION.

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ranks of the army, to their contributions and sacrifices, as the evidence of their patriotism and devotion to the cause of our imperiled country. Never in the history of civil wars has a Government been sustained with such ample resources of means and men as the people have voluntarily placed in the hands of this Administration.

Resolved, That as Democrats we are determined to maintain this patriotic attitude, and despite of adverse and disheartening circumstances to devote all our energies to sustain the cause of the Union; to secure peace thought victory and to bring back the restoration of all the States under the safeguard of the Constitution.

Resolved, That while we will not consent to be misapprehended upon these points we are determined not to be misunderstood in regard to others not less essential. We demand that the Administrations shall be true to the Constitution; shall recognize and maintain the rights of the State and the liberties of the citizen; shall everywhere outside of the lines of necessary military occupation and the scenes of insurrection exert all its powers to maintain the supremacy of the civil over the military law.

Resolved, That in view of these principles we denounce the recent assumption of a military commander to seize and try a citizen of Ohio, Clement L. Vallandigham, for no other reason than words addressed to a public meeting in criticism of the course of the Administration and in condemnation of the military orders of that general.

Resolved, That this assumption of power by a military tribunal if successfully asserted not only abrogates the right of the people to assemble and discuss the affairs of government, the liberty of speech and of the press, the right of trial by jury, the law of evidence and the privilege of habe as corpus, but it strikes a fatal blow at the supremacy of the law and the authority of the State and Federal Constitutions.

Resolved, That the Constitution of the United States-the supreme law of the land-has defined the crime of treason against the United States to consist "only in levying was against them or adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort," and has provided that "no person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of witnesses to the same overt act or on confession in open court. " And it further provides that "no person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury except in case arising in the land and naval forces or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger; " and further that "in all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right of a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime was committed. "

Resolved, That these safeguards of the rights of the citizen against the pretensions of the arbitrary power were intended more especially for his protection in times of civil commotion. They were secured substantially to the English people after years of protracted civil was and were adopted into our Constitution at the close of the Revolution. They have stood the test of seventy-six years of trial under our republican system under circumstances that show that while they constitute the foundation of all free government they are the elements of the enduring stability of the Republic.

Resolved, That in adopting the language of Daniel Webster we declare "it is the ancient and undoubted prerogative of this people to canvass public measures and the merits of public men. " It is a "homebred right," a fireside privilege. It had been enjoyed in every house, cottage and cabin in the nation. It is as undoubted as the right of