War of the Rebellion: Serial 116 Page 0306 PRISONERS OF WAR AND STATE, ETC.

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for a reasonable time, not exceeding ten days. They are to be furnished by the Government in whose possession they may be with a subsistence of sound and wholesome privisions, consisting of one pound of beef or twelve ounces of pork, one pound of whaten bread and a quarter of a pint of pease, or six ounces of rice or a pound of potatoes per day to each man, and of salt and vinegar in the proportion of two quarts of salt and four quarts of vinegar to every hundred days' subsistence; or the rations shall consist of such other meats and vegetables (not changing the proportion of meat to the vegetables, and the quantity of bread, salt and vinegar always remaining the same) as may from time to time be agreed on the several stations by the respective agents of the two governments, as of equal nutriment with the rations first described. Both Governments shall be at liberty by means of their respective agents to supply their prisoners with clothing and such other small allowances as may be deemed reasonable and to inspect at all times the quality and quantity of subsistence provided for the prisoners of their nations respectively as stipulated in this article.

8. Every facility shall be given as far as ciricumstances will permit to the exchange of prisoners, and they shall be selected for exchange according to the scale hereby established on both sides by the respective agents of the country to which they may belong without any interference whatever of the Government in whose possession they may be; and if any prisoner is kept back when his exchange shall be applied for good and suffiecient cause shall be assigned for such detention.

9. To carry on a regular exchange of prisoners between the two countries four vessels shall be employed, two of which shall be provided by the British Government and two by the Government of the United States, and the two vessels of each Government shall be as near as possibleof 500 tons together and neither of them less than 200 tons, and shall be manned victualed and provided with every necessary and convenience for the safe transposrtation of prisoners. The expence of the two British vessels is to be defrayed by the British Government and of the two American vessels by the Government of the United States. When the vessels are provided, surveyed and approved of by the proper officers of both Governments they shall be furnished with passport from each Government as flags of truce, and shall carry arms and ammunition sufficient with a guard not exceeding a non-commissioned officer and six men to guard the prisoners and keep them in subjection, and shall each carry one signal gun with a few charges of powder, and shall carry a white flag constantly at the foretop masthead. The British cartel ship shall carry a British ensign at the gaff end or ensign staff and the American ensign at the maintop masthead, and the American cartel ship shall carry the American ensign at the gaff end or ensign staff and the British ensign at the maintop masthead. No cartel shall be suffered to proceed to sea with less thatn thirty days' full allowance of water and provisions for the ship's company and the number of prisoners embarked on board; and when such cartles shall be established they shall be kept at all times constantly well provided with sails, rigging and everything proper and necessary to make them staunch, safe and seaworthy, adn shall be constantly employed in carrying prisoners to and from the different stations hereinbefore named and appointed for the exchange of prisoners; and when carrying American prisoners form a British port to an American port the American agent at the port of embarkation shall direct the station at which such prisoners shall be delivered, and when carrying