War of the Rebellion: Serial 115 Page 0106 PRISONERS OF WAR, ETC.

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PROCLAMATION.

OCTOBER 17, 1861.

TO THE PEOPLE OF NORTHEASTERN KENTUCKY NOW IN ARMS AGAINST THEIR NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS.

FELLOW-CITIZENS: You have assembled together in arms against your Government, against your State, your neighbors and in some instances your nearest relatives without any cause or any object that is worthy of brave and good men. What has your country done that you should rise against it, or what good will it do you to murder the people, burn and pillage the towns and overthrow the constitution and laws of Kentucky? If you could accomplish this you would be the most wretched as you would become the most wicked of men. The mass of you cannot wish to do this. But be assured the ruin you propose be your acts to bring upon the people of Kentucky will fall upon your own heads if you persevere.

Doubtless many of you have been misled by wicked and desperate men, bankrup in fame and fortune, who hope to profit by the ruin of the Commonwealth. I sincerely believe that many of you have been deceived and led into rebellion who this moment regret the step they have taken, and would return to their families and homes if they could do so in safety.

To all the people therefore who have without due reflection taken up arms against their country and rebelled against both their nation and their State I say return home, lay down your arms, live in peace and friendship with your neighbors, and remember that at least you are Kentuckians. I promise that you shall not be molested either in person or property for what you have already done; on the contrary I will protect you equally with all other citizens so long as you render obedience to those laws which you yourselves have made. I offer you a complete amnesty for what is past; you will be held accountable only for the future. But to secure this result you must return home within --- days. After that time you will be treated as enemies and must never more hope to see in safety your families or enjoy your property until you have carried out the purpose of your wicked misleanders and conquered the people of your State and overthrown the Government of your fathers.

As your fellow-citizen and a native of your State I urge this offer upon you. Should you rejected, the enlightened world as well as the laws of your country will hold you alone responsible for the shedding of fraternal blood.

WILLIAM NELSON,

Brigadier-General.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, October 18, 1861.

Honorable S. P. CHASE, Secretary of the Treasury.

SIR: From intercepted letters of a recent date received at this Department and which were written by influential persons among the insurrectionists it seems that their chief mode of communication at the present time is by means of vessels plying between Havana and New Orleans, running the blockade at the last-named port. I call your attention to the matter in order that you may take such action as you may deem proper.

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WILLIAM H. SEWARD.