War of the Rebellion: Serial 114 Page 0237 EARLY EVENTS IN MISSOURI, ETC.

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in fomenting disturbances. One in particular, a Doctor Smith, is a man of large wealth owning nearly 200 negroes. Some of them are not legitimately connected with the rebel forces and not entitled to the rights of prisoners of war. I suggest this to you lest some mistake be made in the office of the provost-marshal and men dangerous to the peace in a much greater degree and with less excuse than officers or enlisted men be turned loose on the country.

I am, general, respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brigadier-General, Commanding.



Numbers 32.

Saint Louis, Mo., December 22, 1861.

I. Insurgent rebels scattered through the northern counties of this State which are occupied by our troops under the guise of peaceful citizens have resumed their occupation of burning bridges and destroying railroads and telegraph wires. These men are guilty of the highest crime known to the code of war and the punishment is death. Any one caught in the act will be immediately shot, and any one accused of this crime will be arrested and placed in close confinement until his case can be examined by a military commission and if found guilty he also will suffer death.

II. Where injuries are done to railroads or telegraph lines the commanding officer of the nearest post will immediately impress into service for repairing damages the slaves of all secessionists in the vicinity and if necessary the secessionists in the vicinity and if necessary the secessionists themselves and their property. Any pretended Union man having information of intended attempts to destroy such roads and lines or of the guilty parties who does not communicate such intention to the proper authorities and give aid and assistance in arresting and punishing them will be regarded as particeps criminis and treated accordingly.

III. Hereafter the towns and counties in which such destruction of public property takes place will be made to pay the expenses of all repairs unless it be shown that the people of such towns or counties could not have prevented it on account of the superior force of the enemy.

By order of Major-General Halleck:


Assistant Adjutant-General.


Saint Louis, December 23, 1861.

Brigadier General B. M. PRENTISS, Palmyra, Mo.:

You will immediately repair to North Missouri Railroad and take command of forces there. Our troops are moving from Jefferson City, Hermann, Warrenton and Troy against bridge-burners. Kill or capture them. Keep me advised of your movements and force.