War of the Rebellion: Serial 104 Page 1062 KY.,S.W.VA.,TENN., N. & C.GA.,MISS.,ALA., & W.FLA.

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Western and Atlantic Railroad being now about completed, this matter should be at once taken in hand in order to prevent great suffering and crime. I respectfully call your attention to the evident want of thrift and energy and dislike of labor which is so prevalent among a large class of people, white as well as black, in this section.

Your obedient servant,

E. F. WINSLOW,

Brevet Brigadier-General.

[Inclosure.]

Statement showing the condition of the people in the several counties in the vicinity of Atlanta, Ga., in regard to subsistence.

Entirely destitute. With ten days'

supplies.

Counties. Familie Persons Families Persons

s

Campbell 437 2,437 545 3,477

Clayton 390 2,065 130 710

Cobb 901 5,791 290 1,612

Coweta 423 1,881 320 1,669

De Kalb 775 3,251 372 1,851

Fayette --- --- --- ---

Fulton 113 501 597 3,219

Gwinnett --- --- --- ---

Henry 386 1,684 232 1,283

Milton 208 855 230 1,250

Morgan 39 181 30 120

Paulding 692 3,899 161 923

Newton 459 1,967 445 2,399

Troup 209 744 115 767

Cass 736 3,134 454 2,348

Total 5,768 28,390 3,921 21,628

Raising enough to

last to September 1,

1866. Raising nothing.

Counties. Families Persons Families Persons

Campbell 461 3,173 387 2,064

Clayton 205 1,127 178 1,214

Cobb 185 1,180 559 3,585

Coweta 553 3,085 743 3,550

De Kalb 267 1,404 491 2,247

Fayette --- --- --- ---

Fulton 249 1,418 461 2,302

Gwinnett --- --- --- ---

Henry 221 1,296 322 1,224

Milton 190 830 243 914

Morgan 35 137 40 120

Paulding 140 614 340 1,380

Newton 199 1,142 568 2,433

Troup 45 245 115 433

Cass 476 2,975 463 2,047

Total 3,226 18,626 4,910 23,513

Number is the county.

Counties. Families Persons

Campbell 1,048 4,890

Clayton 553 3,047

Cobb 1,935 12,168

Coweta 1,276 6,635

De Kalb 1,089 5,163

Fayette --- ---

Fulton 710 3,720

Gwinnett --- ---

Henry 1,171 5,930

Milton 798 3,771

Morgan 555 2,775

Paulding 1,099 5,607

Newton 1,622 8,660

Troup 1,034 5,846

Cass 1,746 8,299

Total 14,636 76,511

Counties. Famili Familie Probabl Number of

es s e negroes

having raising amount

a a of

surplu surplus surplus

s corn

Bushels

Campbell -- -- -- 1,958

Clayton -- 27 1,350 963

Cobb 2 -- -- 2,118

Coweta -- -- -- 7,014

De Kalb -- 13 (a) 1,505

Fayette -- -- -- ---

Fulton -- -- -- 858

Gwinnett -- -- -- ---

Henry 2 38 7,475 3,953

Milton -- 7 2,150 685

Morgan 60 -- -- 6,125

Paulding -- 10 (a) 667

Newton -- 20 (a) 5,877

Troup -- -- -- 10,261

Cass -- -- -- 1,331

Total 64 115 10,975 43,315

Counties. Means of Remarks

transportation

Campbell Good Condition of negroes

good.

Clayton Limited Negroes generally

provided for.

Cobb ...do... Do.

Coweta None Condition of negroes

good.

De Kalb Limited Condition of negroes

good as the whites.

Fayette ...

Fulton Good Condition of negroes

good.

Gwinnett ...

Henry Limited Do.

Milton Good Do.

Morgan None; railroad Do.

Paulding Good Condition of negroes

indifferent.

Newton Railroad Condition of negroes

good as whites.

Troup None; railroad Condition of negroes

good; crops now growing

will probably support

the population after

harvest.

Cass Limited Condition of negroes

good.

Total

a Small.