Learned many particulars about the surrender of General Lee's army. The disposition is general to submit to the Federal Government in consideration of the mild policy proposed by Lincolm, especially if there be no truth in the many rumors of French recognition and armed intervention. hancock, in command of Federal force in the lower valley, invites all the stragglers, &c., of the Army of northern Virginia to come and be paroled on the same terms those were that were captured at Appomattox Court-House, saying they may remain undisturbed at home. Many are disposed to go and seek this parole. We rode to Brownsburg, and spent the night with Dr. Morrison. Pleasant day. Rode fourteen miles.
Tuesday, April 18.-Went on home, via Summerdean, where we dined at Dunlap's. Got home about dark. The Soldier's Aid Society of Churchville had just adjourned as I got there. Many of the soldiers have reached home. Found all well at home; not expecting me, thinking I had gone on south. The minds of soldiers much exercised as to what course to pursue. Loncol's proposition for Virginia to come back as she was, &c., has worked a revolution in sentiment. Pleasant day. Rode thirty-two miles.
Wednesday, April 19.-Spent the day at home; almost sick from my boil. Enemy reported coming up to parole soldiers. Pleasant day.
Thursday, April 20.- * * * Bands of men are marauding, gathering up what they claim to be Government property, but really stealing cattle, sheep, &c., where they can find them. Quite an engagement took place three miles from Staunton yesterday, in which Colonel M. G. Harman and his men retook a lot of his sheep and drove off the plunderers. Colonel H[arman]'s horse was shot. heard that Lincoln had been assassinated. Cool in the morning; Pleasant day. Soldiers, &c., all busy planting corn and sowing oats.
Friday, April 21.- * * * Fine day; quite warm. * * *
Saturday, April 22.- * * * Pleasant day; turned cool in evening. many rumors about French intervention, Lincoln's death, &c.
Sunday, April 23.- * * * The day was quite cool. Reports of Lincoln's death confirmed, also of an attempt to kill Seaward. Johnson, of Tennessee, has become President and breathes out wrath against the South. * * *
Monday, April 24.-Went to Staunton. A full bench of justices had beans ummoned to take steps to prevent the plundering and stealing that is going on throughout the county by bands of men pretending to gather up public property. Mr. Sheffey and Colonel Baldwin made some advisory remarks, and an address was ordered, calling on the people to abide by the law, &c. it was also ordered to go on with the collection of taxes. Soldier part of the community still in a quandary. Warm.
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Saturday, April 29.-I went to Staunton. The Federal troop, about 800, came in at 2 p. m. and went into camp west of town. They were very quiet and disturbed no one. Rosser was here but left in the morning, and Jackson also went on, where, no one can tell, for it is highly probable that all the armies have surrender since Sherman and Breckinridge have had a truce to agree upon terms. * * *
Sunday, April 30.- * * * Soldiers in doubt what to do. Some of them indisposed to be paroled.
Monday, May 1.-I went to Staunton to-day and got myself paroled as a prisoner of war, with permission to remain at home. There was a large crowd at Staunton, more than could be paroled. Large numbers of servants collected at the Federal campt. * * *