War of the Rebellion: Serial 062 Page 0046 LOUISIANA AND THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI. Chapter XLVI.

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under your immediately command, your time would be mostly taken up with details of court-martial, furloughs, discharges, &c., while the present arrangement enables you to give your full attention to military operations. In regard to General Banks' campaign against Texas, it is proper to-remark that it was undertaken less for military reasons than as a matter of State policy.

As a military measure simply, it perhaps presented less advantage than a movement on Mobile and the Alabama River, so as to threaten the enemy's interior lines and effect a diversion in favor of our armies at Chattanooga and in East Tennessee. But, hoverer this may have been, it was deemed necessary as a matter of political or State policy, connected with our foreign relations, and especially with France and Mexico, that our troops should and hold at least a portion of Texas. The President so order, for reason satisfactory to himself and his cabinet, and it was therefore, unnecessary for us to inquire whether or not the troops could have been employed elsewhere with greater military advantage.

I allude to this matter here, as it may have an important influence on your projected operations during the present winter. Keeping in mind the fact that General Banks' operations in Texas, either on the Gulf coast or by the Louisiana frontier, must be continued during the winter, it is to be considered whether it will not be better to direct our efforts, for the present to the entire breaking up of the rebel forces west of the Mississippi River, rather than to divide them by also operating against Mobile and Alabama.

If the forces of Smith, Price, and Magruder could be so scattered or broken as to enable Steele and Banks to occupy Red River as a line of defense, a part of their armies would probably become available for operations elsewhere. General Banks reports his present force as inadequate for the defense of his positions in the interior; and General Steele is of opinion that he cannot advance beyond the Arkansas or Saline unless he can be certain of cooperation and supplies on Red River. Under these circumstances it is worth considering whether such forces as Sherman can move down the Mississippi River should not co-operate with the armies of Steele and Banks on the west side. Of course operations any by of your troops in that direction must be subordinate and subsequent to those which you have proposed for East and West Tennessee. I therefore present these views, at this time, merely that they may receive your attention and consideration in determining upon your ulterior movements.

If we can rely upon what we see in the rebel newspapers and hear from spies and refugees from Richmond,the enemy is direction is directing his attention particularly to the defense of Georgia, in anticipation that your campaign will be direction on Atlanta.

In order to compensate for the loss of the Virginia and East Tennessee Railroad, and for the possible capture by us of some point on their main Atlantic route by Weldon and Charleston, the rebel Government is great diligence to complete to road from Danville, Va., to Greensborough, N. C., by which they will open a continuous interior line from Richmond to the Southwest. This will enable them to transport troops and supplies from Virginia to Georgia by a short and sage route.

It was hoped that when the season, advanced so as to prevent further operations by the Army of the Potomac, a portion of could be detached for service elsewhere. But so large a number have re