War of the Rebellion: Serial 052 Page 0953 Chapter XLII. CORRESPONDENCE. ETC.-UNION.

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rations. His object is no doubt to make a raid across the mountains. Officers gave the men to understand that the rations they brought were to last them until they could get back across the river. It was impossible for me to keep them from crossing, as there was no ford where they crossed until they made it last night, nor are there any roads running along the river that I could patrol. I have fallen back to this place, 2 miles below Smith's Cross-Roads, as my force was too small to check the enemy.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brigadier-General, Commanding.


Camp near Smith's Cross-Roads, September 30, 1863- 4 p.m.


Asst. Adjut. General, Chief of Cavalry, Chattanooga:

The enemy have crossed the river with a very heavy force. They crossed below and above me in several places simultaneously, so that it was impossible for me to prevent them. They have a great deal of mounted infantry that they fight on foot. I fought them for an hour or so, but as they were about to surround me I have retreated to this point, where they will have to approach me in front. The Fourth Ohio being up the river trying to prevent the rebels from crossing there, is cut off, but I sent them word to come in on a rear road, and I think they will come in all right. There were no roads running up and down the river banks, so that my patrols could not watch all the river, as the jungles along the banks were impassable. My loss is comparatively slight. I cannot form any idea of their numbers. A great many persons report infantry, but I think it only dismounted cavalry.

Generals Wheeler and Forrest with their commands are both there. General Wheeler sent in a flag of truce demanding my surrender. I consider that I was very fortunate in saving all my train. I learn that they issued their men five days' rations before starting, and told their men that they must last them until they crossed the mountains. Their horses are reported in good condition. The force that crossed at a point half way between Washington and Kingston said that they were going to Crossville, on the Sparta road. My impression is that they intend making a raid on our communications. I shall await orders here.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brigadier-General, Commanding.

P. S.- I shall send scout to Washington in the morning.

G. C.

NASHVILLE, September 30, 1863.

Lieutenant-Colonel GODDARD,

Assistant Adjutant-General:

Commanding officers at Decherd and Tullahoma report Roddey at New Market yesterday at 2 p.m. with 4,000 men.


Brigadier-General, Commanding.