War of the Rebellion: Serial 052 Page 0266 KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., N. ALA, AND N. GA. Chapter XLII.

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NOTE.- The road just described was formerly the great stock and traveling route from Middle Tennessee to Chattanooga and south. The mountain passes were originally graded, and the roads called pikes, as gates were by law authorized to be kept on them, the toll from which reimbursed the parties making the improvements. In ordinary seasons this is a well-watered route, crossing in reasonable distances the Duck and Elk Rivers on west side, Sequatchie and Tennessee on southeast.

Fords and ferries on Tennessee River between Chattanooga and Florence*.

(Distances from Knoxville.)

No. Fords and Character and Miles. Remarks.

ferries. condition.

City of 197

Chattanooga

Ross Tow-Head 200 Island.

28 Ross' Shoals Fordable 200 High land on

north side and

flat on south;

approaches not

good.

Mouth of 201 South side.

Chattanooga

Creek.

Mouth of 202 South side.

Lookout

Creek.

Brown's Ferry Not used. 206

Williams' 207 Island 2 miles

Island long, farm on

north side.

29 Tumbling 210

Shoalds

The Suck Warp at 213

River is

ordinary stage narrow between

the mountains.

At these points

boatmen are

obliged to warp

their vessels

passt.

Boiling Pot Warp only at 217

do.

high water.

The Skillet Warp only at 219

do.

low water.

The pan Warp only at 221

do.

high water.

Kelley's Very good 226 Road from

Ferry ferry; flat- Jasper to

boats. Chattanooga;

approaches

good.

Colonel 234

Hall's farm

Running Water 237

Creek.

Rankin's Good ferry; 238 Rankin's farm

Ferry flat-boat on north side;

approaches

good.

Shellmound 242 South side one-

Depot half mile to

mountains;

north side

bluff.

Mouth of 246

Sequatchie

River.

Lowry's Very good 249 South side

Ferry, Long ferry level; north

Island. side hilly;

approaches

good.

Mouth of 250 North side.

Battle Creek.

Town of 255

Bridgeport,

Long Island.

Mouth of 259 South side.

Island Creek.

30 Widow's Good ford 262 Mouth of

Shoals Widow's Creek,

north side of

Sand Mountain

come up to the

river;

approaches

good.

Caperton's Flat row-boat; 270 Nearly south

Ferry good from Stevenson;

the road

crossing this

ferry is said

to be the

nearest south

from Stevenson

across Sand

Mountain.

Crow Creek, 274 North side.

Crow Island

Caperton's Very good ford 277 Much used at

Ford. ordinary low

stage;

approaches

good.

Bellefonte 283 Mountains near

Island. the river for 3

or 4 miles.

Bellefonte 283 Five miles to

Creek mountains.

North side.

Bellefonte 286 Three miles to

Landing Bellefonte,

county seat of

Jackson County.

31 Bellefonte Good food 287 No road

Shoals crossing; Sand

Mountain close

to river;

approaches bad.

Mouth of Crow 290 South side.

Creek

Larkin's

Landing, Good and much 302 Highlands north

Larkin's used. side; three-

Ferry. quarters of a

mile to Sand

Mountain;

approaches

good.

Mouth of 314 North side.

Santa Creek

Pine Island 316 Three miles

long; South

Santa Creek.

Center Island South side.

Buck Island 326 Fine country

intervening

these islands.

32 Gunter's 330 Five miles

Shoals, long.

Gunter's

Island.

Gunter's 335

Landing.

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* Prepared at headquarters of General George H. Thomas.

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