War of the Rebellion: Serial 045 Page 0766 N. C., VA., W. VA., MD., PA., ETC. Chapter XXXIX.

Search Civil War Official Records

formed that Ewell had also gone in the direction of Culpeper, but by a different road. The trains went by way of Gaines' Cross-Roads, Sperryville, and Little Washington. From citizens and contrabands living in the vicinity of Gaines' Cross-Roads, I learned that my attack at Newby's Cross-Roads spread great consternation through the entire rebel column extending beyond Gaines' in the direction of Chester Gap. The enemy formed his troops in line of battle opposite Gaines' Cross-Roads, and made his disposition to resist an attack from that quarter. He remained in this position until 3 p. m. I was at the house where one of the rebel generals had his headquarters. The owner of the house informed me that, after remaining in line of battle until 3 p. m., he heard the general order one of his staff to cause the line of "skirmishers to be withdrawn immediately. If they were not, the entire force would be cut off. " The entire force moved off hurriedly and in great disorder. I do not believe any portion of their army will pass Gaines' Cross-Roads, or they would have left a force to hold them. If my command were in serviceable condition, I would have pursued them, but we have had no forage whatever for three days, not even wheat. The grazing is very indifferent. My men are out of rations. I sent an order to my quartermaster to load his train with forage and rations, and join me at once, but have not received them yet. I received a dispatch, dated Salem, 7 a. m., 25th, signed by Colonel Smith, a few moments ago. If possible, let my division have a little rest until we can forage and ration. Very respectfully, &c.,


Brigadier-General, Commanding.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Warrenton, July 25, 1863-2. 30 p. m.

Commanding Officer Third Corps:

The major-general commanding directs that you take position in front of Warrenton, on the Sulphur Springs road, about 3 miles in advance of the town, and throw out a division to the intersection of the Carter's Run Church road. General Sedgwick is in position on the Waterloo road, about 3 miles in front of Warrenton. The Fifth Corps will be on your left, on the Fayetteville road. Very respectfully, &c.,


Major-General, and Chief of Staff.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Warrenton, July 25, 1863-3 p. m.

Commanding Officer Second Corps:

The major-general commanding directs that you take a position from 2 to 3 miles in front of the Warrenton Branch Railroad, and about 3 miles west of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.