War of the Rebellion: Serial 043 Page 0750 N. C., VA., W. VA., MD., PA., ETC. Chapter XXXIX.

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the night was passed in replenishing the batteries with ammunition and making repairs. on the morning of the 3d, we were in position the same as on the 2d, but little was done during the a. m. by our corps. Occasionally a rebel battery would open upon the cemetery, evidently with a view to obtain the exact elevation and time to make their fire offective in the p. m. 's work on our position. At each attempt we silenced them, with but little loss to ourselves. About 2 p. m. they opened along our whole front with an unbroken line of artillery, and also heavily on our right flank, apparently using every description of missiles and field artillery. The crest which the enemy occupied varied from 1, 000 to 1, 900 yards distance, and afforded an excellent protection. I judge that the guns of not less than one-half mile of this front were concentrated on our position, besides several batteries on our right, which enfiladed our position, excepting Captains Taft's and Huntington's batteries. Our artillery endured this fire with surprising coolnes and determination. No battery even shoved a disposition to retire, and several times during the cannonading wd silenced several of their batteries, but at a moment's cessation on our part they would reopenupon us. The fire was extremely galling, and by comparing the rapidity with which the shells fell among and passed by our guns with the rapidity with which our guns replied, the number of guns playing on the hill was very much greater than the number in position there; probably double. Our guns were worked with great coolness, energy, and judgment, but as no satisfactory results were obtained, I ordered all our guns to cease firing, and the men to lie down to await developments. At the same time the artillery of our entire front ceased firing, and a few moments later the infantry of the enemy broke over the crest from where their artillery had been playing, and made their grand charage across the plain upon our lines. The left of the charging column rested on a line perpendicular to our front, then stretching away to the right beyond our view, thus offering an excelent front for our artillery fire. We used, according to distance, all descripions of projectiles. The whole force of our artillery was brought to bear upon this column, and the havoc produced upon their ranks was truly surprising. The enemy's advance was most splendid, and for a considerable distance the only hinderance offered it was by the artillery, which broke their lines fearfully, as every moment showed that their advance under this concentrated artillery fire was most difficult; and though they made desperate efforts to advance in good order, were unable to do so, and I am convinced that the fire from the hill was one of the main auxiliaries in breaking the force of this grand charge. But while the enemy was advancing, and after having been repulsed, I insisted that the artillery fire should be turned intensely upon the infantry, and no notice whetever was to be taken of their artillery. I am not able to speak of any one or lmore batteries as deserving especial notice over another. Every battery did its whole duty; the officers proved themselves brave and efficient, and the men on the battle-field were most willing, brave, and gallant; in fact, the only fault I could mention was too great willingness to luse ammunition at small squads of men and on unimportant objects, yet this was not carried to excess. The artillery of the reserve proved all that could be expected or