War of the Rebellion: Serial 041 Page 0459 Chapter XXXVIII. MUTINY AT FORT JACKSON, LA.

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discharge of their professional duties, and have assisted greatly in most cases in the education of the men. Books have been supplied to them whenever requisition has been made, and orders have been issued that they shall be instructed in the Articles of War, and an edition of the Articles of War printed especially for the use of the men of this corps. It will be apparent that whatever soldierly qualifications may be ultimately found in these men, their full development may be ultimately found in these men, their full development requires time. The troops of other nations are such as have been made by military operations running through many centuries.

It is unreasonable to expect that men who have never handled a musket, who have never been admitted to civil or individual rights, can instantaneously become perfect soldiers. The organization in this department has proceeded upon the idea that it was a work of difficulty, requiring much time. Had instances of insubordination, of which this is the only one, been more frequent-had they signally failed in comprehending the routine duties of the soldier, or had they shrunk before the enemy in battle-it would have been no proof of their incapacity for war.

I have the honor to be, with must respect, your obedient servant,

N. P. BANKS,

Major-General, Commanding.

Major General H. W. HALLECK,

General-in-Chief, U. S. Army.

[Inclosure.]

Proceedings of a military commission convened at Fort Jackson, La., pursuant to the following order:

SPECIAL ORDERS,

HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF,

No. 309.

New Orleans, La., December 11, 1863.

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X. A military commission, to consist of Major General F. J. Herron, U. S. Volunteers; Colonel H. B. Sergeant, First Massachusetts Cavalry; Captain Stephen Hoyt, commissary of subsistence, and Major G. Norman Lieber, will assemble at Fort Jackson, La., to-morrow at 7 a.m., or as soon thereafter as practicable, to examine into and report upon the disturbance said to have occurred in the garrison of Fort Jackson on the 9th instant. The commission will investigate the cause, the course, and the termination of the disturbance, particularly the conduct of the commanding officer, officers and men of the garrison, and will sit without regard to days or hours, reporting to these headquarters by telegraph should it be deemed advisable. Major G. Norman Lieber, judge-advocate of the Department, will act as judge-advocate of the commission.

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By command of Major-General Banks:

G. NORMAN LIEBER,

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

FORT JACKSON,

December 12, 1863-9 a.m.

The commission met pursuant to the foregoing order. Present, all the members. The order convening the commission was then read. The commission was then duly sworn by the president of the commission.