War of the Rebellion: Serial 040 Page 0080

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Page 80
Chapter XXXVII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION.


<NN>and forty-second, and One hundred and forty-third Regiments Pennsylvania Volunteers will comprise the First Brigade, to be commanded by the senior colonel; the One hundred and forty-ninth, One hundred and fiftieth, and One hundred and fifty-first Regiments Pennsylvania Volunteers will comprise the Second Brigade, to be commanded by Colonel Stone, One hundred and forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

* * * * * * * * *

By command of Major-General Reynolds:

C. KINGSBURY, JR.,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

GENERAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS,
Numbers 5.} February 15, 1863.

I. In order to systematize and regulate the operations of the whole, and assign to each portion its proper share of duties and responsibilities, the disposition of the cavalry forces of this army will, until further orders, be as follows: The region of country surrounding the army will be divided into four sections, and one section will be assigned to each of the three divisions and the other to the Reserve Brigade.

II. General Pleasonton (the First Division), will have charge of the country lying south of the Occoquan River and Cedar Run, and extending as far south as the southern branch of Aquia Creek, his pickets to be pushed well to the front and as far as circumstances will permit. General Averell's (Second) division will have charge of the country south of the southern branch of Aquia Creek, and between this line and the railroad, regulating his right by the left of General Pleasonton. The Reserve Brigade will, in addition to its other duties and details, have charge of and picket the Rappahannock between the railroad and Carlin's Creek.

III. General Gregg's (Third) division will connect on his right with the left of the Reserve Brigade, and have control of the country between the Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers.

The commanders of divisions and of the Reserve Brigade will concentrate their commands in the vicinity of the points indicated in General Orders, No. 4, from these headquarters, without delay, and establish their lines of pickets to-morrow.

By command of Brigadier-General Stoneman:

A.J. ALEXANDER,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

WASHINGTON, February 15, 1863.

Major General H.W. HALLECK,
Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Army, Washington:

SIR: I have the honor to submit [the following] to you, in accordance with orders from Major-General Banks, when he left me here, to report to you any information I might from time to time come into possession of, regarding the movements of the enemy.

My wife, Catherine Graham, who left Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, some three weeks since, having arrived here on last Wednesday, gives me the following account of their strength, &c., in the region of country which she last passed through. She went from Mount Jackson to New Market, where General Jones' command is, consisting in part of three regiments of infantry, two batteries of artillery and a battalion of cavalry. When she left Mount Jackson, there was but a guard to regulate the hospitals.

Imboden has command of the cavalry at Harrisonsburg; there are not more than 30 men.

When General Milroy's cavalry went up to Woodstock, they removed the deposits of banks in Rockingham and Staunton to Lynchburg. At that time a regiment of cavalry could have captured Staunton without meeting any resistance.

There were 800 sick in hospital at Mount Jackson; there had been sixteen cases of small-pox amongst them. Major [Alexander] Baker has charge of the hospitals; he is a relative of Ashby.

At the time of the road, Jones' command had marching orders, they taking in charge all the movable property of the inhabitants along the line of the expected advance.

At New Market they buried two pieces of heavy artillery that were gotten at Harper's Ferry, in Colonel Miles' surrender, they not having any means of transporting them, as horses are getting very scarce, any kind of a horse being worth from $300 to $500.

She came through the following posts in her passage, which, from the time she remained in them, she availed herself of all the privileges of a pass which she got through the influence of a clergyman, with whom she was acquainted. New Market, Jones and Imboden, say 1,500 men; Harrisonsburg, 30 men; Mount Crawford, none; Staunton, about 300, under command of Colonel Michael [G.] Harman; Waynesborough; about 25; Charlottesville, a very few (there are a great many fine hospitals, some fifteen); Gordonsville and Culpeper, 1,500; Mechanicsburg, none. In Richmond she remained four days, during which time she saw very few. Was told they are all gone, except what were doing garrison duty around in the works they had and were erecting; the main force having gone to North Carolina, and some 25,000 or 30,000 at Fredericksburg.

She intended to come by Fort Monroe, but was not allowed to come that way, so she had to go by way of Gordonsville, Culpeper, Woodville, Sperryville and Little Washington (there are no troops at either of last-named places or no pickets, but a few guerrillas); thence to Piedmont; thence to New Berlin, on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, arriving in Baltimore. On her trip from Culpeper she was accompanied by two rebel spies, as she thinks from their actions, conversation, &c. They came across and took the cars with her and put up at the Fountain House in Baltimore. They called themselves Mrs. Kelley and Mrs. Kenedy, the former being from Culpeper, the latter from Staunton. Their room was 27. I believe they are there yet. They registered as from Leesburg and Kentucky. They told my wife to address a letter for them to Armstrong & Carter [Cator?], Baltimore.

She also met on her journey here a large number of Jews and others that had been over here after goods and information, they being considered the shrewdest in getting information, as they are in large with some of the same class in Baltimore, if not all of them; they dividing the profits, which are immense, as you see from a list of the necessaries of life that I mention: quinine, $100 an ounce; thread; 75 cents a spool; silk, 25 cents a skein; $25 for a pair of women's gaiters, while others are engaged in buying up Treasury notes and getting them exchanged for told in Baltimore. Some of them cross between Poolesville and Berlin, others between Harper's Ferry and Martinsburg at Shepherdstown, while others go up on the cars and get out at New Creek and



Page 80
Chapter XXXVII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION.