izations, rights on paper, and penalties on statute-books, are inert and powerless to help them. A living, active, fearless assertion and enforcement of martial law alone can do it. If much longer delayed, that remedy itself will come too late.
T. C. HINDMAN,
Lieutenant Colonel S. S. ANDERSON,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Trans-Mississippi Department.
HEADQUARTERS TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT, Little Rock, Ark., December 24, 1862.
Major General T. C. HINDMAN,
Commanding First Corps, Trans-Mississippi Army, in the Field:
GENERAL: I have the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt, at the hands of Lieutenant Hammett, acting assistant adjutant-general of your corps, of the three stand of colors captured by your army from the enemy at Prairie Grove Church on the 7th instant.
I am, general, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,
S. S. ANDERSON,
Numbers 37. Report of Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke, C. S. Army, commanding Fourth Division, including preliminary skirmishers.
HDQRS. FOURTH DIVISION, TRANS-MISSISSIPPI ARMY, Clarksville, Ark., December 16, 1862.
COLONEL: I have the honor to report herewith the part taken by my division in the battle of Prairie Grove and the skirmishers preceding.
In obedience to orders received from Major-General Hindman, I moved my division early Wednesday morning, December 3, from Dripping Springs in the direction of the enemy, at Cane Hill, as follows: Carroll's brigade--reduced to about 500 effective men-under the command of Colonel [J. M.] Monroe, on the Line road; Shelby's brigade, under Colonel Shelby--about 1,100 effective men--beyond Oliver's, on the Cove Creek road; [Emmett] MacDonald, with his brigade--about 700 effective men--to Oliver's, on the Wire road, each guarding with strong pickets and scouts all approaches from the northward.
On Thursday, the several brigades moved forward a few miles on the roads named.
On Friday [5th instant], Monroe's command marches across and formed junction with Shelby on the Cove Creek road, some 10 miles above Oliver's. MacDonald pressed forward some 10 miles on the Wire road; Shelby on the Cove Creek road. The two latter brigades engaged the enemy's pickets to-day and drove them back.
Friday night, Shelby's advance met the Federal pickets in strong force near Morrow's.
Early Saturday morning [6th instant], before daylight, he dismounted his brigade, and with skill and vigor rapidly drove them back and beyond the crest of Boston Mountains. The enemy made a stubborn resistance, but were compelled to retire to within 2 miles of their main force.
During Friday night, MacDonald's command was withdrawn to form