day's and Phelps' brigades. The movement, after a sharp contest on the crest and int he fields in the depression between the crest and the adjoining hill, was fully successful.
Ricketts' division pressed up the mountain about 5 p. m., arriving at the crest with the left of this command in time to participate in the closing scene of the engagement. Relieving Hatch's division Rickett's remained on the ground holding the battle-field during the night. The mountain sides, thus gallantly passed over by Hooker on the right of the gap and Reno on the left, were steep and difficult in the extreme. We could make but little use of our artillery, while our troops were subject to a warm artillery fire as well as to that of infantry in the woods and under cover.
By order of General burnside, Gibbon's bridge of Hatch's division, late in the afternoon, advanced upon the center of the enemy's division, late in the afternoon, advanced upon the center of the enemy's position on the main road. Deploying his brigade, Gibbon actively engaged a superior force of the enemy, which, though resisting, was steadily pressed back until some hours after dark, when Gibbon remained in undisturbed possession of the field. He was then relieved by a brigade of Sedgwick's division. Finding themselves outflanked both on the right and the left, the enemy abandoned their position during the night, leaving their dead and wounded on the field, and hastily retreated down the mountain.
In the engagement at Turner's Pass our loss was 328 killed and 1,463 wounded and missing;* that of the enemy is estimated to be, in all, about 3,000. Among our wounded I regret to say were Brigadier General J. P. Hatch and other valuable officers.
The carrying of Crampton's Pass by Franklin was executed rapidly and decisively. Slocum's division was formed upon the right of the road leading through the gap, Smith's upon the left. A line formed of Bartlett's and Torbert's brigades, supported by Newton, whose actively was conspicuous, all of Slocum's division, advanced steadily upon the enemy at a charge on the right. The enemy were driven from their position a the base of the mountain, where they were protected by a stone wall, and steadily forced back up the mountain until they reached the position of their battery, near the road, well up the mountain. Here they made a stand. They were, however, driven back, retiring their artillery en echelon, after an action of three hours, the crest was gained, and the enemy hastily field down the mountains on the other side. On the left of the road Brook's and Irwin's brigades, of Smith's division, formed for the protection of Slocum's flank, charged up the mountain in the same steady manner, driving the enemy before them until the crest was carried. The loss in Franklin's corps was 115 killed, 416 wounded, and 2 missing.+ The enemy's loss was about the same. One piece of artillery and four colors were captured, and knapsacks and even haversacks were abandoned as the enemy were driven up the hill.
On the morning of the 15th I was informed by Union civilians living on the other side of the mountains that the enemy were retreating in the greatest haste and in disordered masses the river. There was such a concurrence of testimony on this point that there seemed no doubt as to the fact. The hasty retreat of the enemy's forces from the mountain, and the withdrawal of the remaining troops from between Boonsborough and Hagerstown to a position where they could resist attack and cover the Shephersdtown ford and receive the re-enforcements expected from
*But see revised statement, pp. 184-188, 204.
+See pp. 183, 204.