War of the Rebellion: Serial 023 Page 0081 Chapter XXVIII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. - UNION.

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that the entire force of the enemy in East Tennessee does not exceed 30,000 men and it is necessary much divided. Fifteen thousand men can sweep the enemy from this district. The citizens of Lee County continue to come in. There is no doubt as to their sincerity. The vengeance spirit of the Tennessee troops appears to be more subdued and I hope to be able to keep it within proper limits.




Huntsville, June 30, 1862.

General MORGAN,

Cumberland Gap:

Make your position at Cumberland Gap as strong as possible and hold it at all hazards. If the enemy advances, watch that he does not turn you as you did him. This is not intended to interfere with any attempt you may be able to make by small expeditions to destroy the East Tennessee Railroad.


Chief of Staff.

CORINTH, MISS., July 1, 1862. (Received 9.16 p.m.)

Honorable E. M. STANTON,

Secretary of War:

Your corrected telegram of 28th was received last night. I had already acted on the imperfect copy received yesterday morning. General McClernand was ordered to send as many of his division as possible to Columbus by every train. General Quinby has been ordered to detach as many as he can spare from his command near Columbus. Light draught boats have been ordered from Saint Louis to take one division from this place via Pittsburg. A part of Wallace's division will be sent from Memphis as soon as I can relieve them.

I fear that you have overestimated the strength of the army in West Tennessee. Since the departure of General Buell's army and the detachments to General Curtis I have less than 65,000 effective men. After sending the detachment ordered to Washington I shall have less than 40,000. We have repaired and have now to guard between Columbus, Memphis, and Decatur 367 miles of railroad, besides the posts established on Mississippi River and many rivers. All scouts, spies, deserters, and prisoners without a single exception report that no troops have been sent from here east. The rebel force in this State is not less than 75,000 or 80,000 men, and Bragg is raising conscripts daily. These are facts of which I have the most reliable evidence.

The enemy acts in a friendly country, requiring no guards for his depots, and has an immense rolling stock, so that he can in a few days concentrate on any one point. We cannot so concentrate. I am therefore satisfied that a detachment of 25,000 from this army at the present time will result in the loss of Arkansas or West Tennessee, and perhaps both. Those who have not the proper data have been disposed to underrate the force of the enemy and to overrate that of this army. The facts are precisely as here given. Those who represent otherwise deceive