War of the Rebellion: Serial 019 Page 0791 Chapter XXV. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION.

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HEADQUARTERS CENTRAL DISTRICT OF MISSOURI,

Jefferson City, November 14, 1862.

Major General SAMUEL R. CURTIS,

Commanding Department of the Missouri, Saint Louis:

GENERAL: I have just returned from above. Jackson County I left in comparatively good condition. La Fayette will require a good deal of severity before it can be restored to its allegiance. I left about 250 of the inhabitants in confinement and ordered others to be arrested. Some 50 men fled the country to avoid arrest, who will probably never return, and some 50 others gave their parole to leave the State in ten days, not to return during the war. The commandant there has not been in my opinion as efficient as he should have been. Indeed, it is hard to say who is commandant there or who ought to be. General Vaughan, of the Enrolled Militia, and Colonel McFerran, of the First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, commanding the post, seem to exercise a concurrent jurisdiction, both pleasant, mild, amiable gentlemen, but deficient in that decision of character and fixedness of purpose that is required to deal successfully with rebels so fierce, defiant, domineering, insulting, and overbearing as are the rebels there. I spent more than two weeks in La Fayette. The county is now in a condition that honest men can stay at home without danger of assassination. The thieves, bandits, and guerrillas have been driven out of the country. They have all gone south to join Cockrell, who lies not far from Pleasant Gap, in Bates County, with a force of from 700 to 800 men. Quantrill and the guerrillas that infested La Fayette and Jackson on their way south accidently fell in with an ox train sent by Colonel Catherwood from Harrisonville to Sedalia, and captured the train, teamsters, and most of the escort. A copy of Colonel Catherwood's report is transmitted herewith.* I also inclose herewith a copy of a letter written by Lieutenant Colonel P. A. Thompson, of the Fifth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, to Colonel Penick, at Independence, relating to the same matter.+ Colonel Thompson's statement I believe to be more nearly correct than the official report. I have ordered Colonel Catherwood here under arrest. This disaster I think is attributable to disobedience of orders. On my way to Saline County I sent forward from Lexington a small command of about 100 men, under Captain [George] Wakerlen, Company E, of the Fifth Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia. On the Marshall road, the next morning, before I had come up with the column, I found the farmhouse and outbuildings on the farm of a man by the name of Webb were in flames. On overtaking Captain Wakerlen he said the premises had been burned by his order; that bushwhackers had been harbored there, and that the last of them ran into the brush as his advance guard came up. That upon inquiry he found that Webb had taken his male slaves and the youngest and strongest women South; that he was in the rebel army; that he had employed an overseer to live at his house and take care of some old negro women and children; that the bushwhackers made the house a king of headquarters, and that the overseer was joined with them; thereupon he ordered the destruction of the premises. I cannot approve of the act, and yet I am not prepared wholly to condemn it. Saline County is in a very bad condition, and I must send a more efficient commander there than Lieutenant-Colonel Wilson, of the Enrolled Militia; a clever gentlemen and a good man, but entirely too mild. The Enrolled Militia long the line of the railroad west of here

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*See p. 347.

+See Thompson to Penick, November 6, 1862, p. 781.

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