HEADQUARTERS AQUIA DISTRICT,.
Fredericksburg, March 14, 1862.
General R. E. LEE, Commanding Army:.
GENERAL: Since the withdrawal of Generals Whiting and French from Evansport and its vicinity the enemy have crossed the river in large force, and have also advanced from the direction of Manassas as far as Brentsville. This would seem to indicate that their efforts against Richmond will be via Fredericksburg. Last night I called Generals Whiting and French and Colonels Hampton and Pettigrew in consultation. These gentlemen had served all the fall and winter between Aquia and the Occoquan, and were thus perfectly conversant with the country and everything belonging to its defense. The unanimous result of the conference was-
1st. Fredericksburg per se is untenable; it can only be defended by a force strong enough to attack the enemy's advance north of the Rappahannock..
2nd. The present disposition of the enemy's forces would seem to indicate that his advance will be in three columns, i. e., from Manassas, Evansport, and from below Potomac Creek. The two first are most serious, and if they move simultaneously absolutely necessitates the assistance of our main body to the force now about Fredericksburg; and this assistance should be given as soon as it is ascertain there is no mistake in this programme. You are aware that the Fredericksburg there is a large depot, well supplied with everything necessary for troops, which, independently of the interests of its noble, zealous, and true hearted people, makes its preservation and defense a matter of much importance, and which can only be effected by winning a battle before the enemy arrive, the town being perfectly commanded by the heights on the opposite bank of the river..
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,.
TH. H. HOLMES,.
WAR OF THE REBELLION:
A COMPILATION OF THE
UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES.
PRODUCT OF H-BAR
PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR BY BVT. LIEUTENANT Colonel ROBERT N. SCOTT, THIRD U. S. ARTILLERY,
PUBLISHED PURSUANT ANT OT ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED JUNE 16, 1880.
SERIES I- VOLUME VIII.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
By an act approved June 23, 1874, Congress made an appropriation "to enable the Secretary of War to begin the publication of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, both of the Union and Confederate Armies," and directed him "to have copied for the Public Printer all reports, letters, telegrams, and general orders not heretofore copied or printed, and properly arranged in chronological order."
Appropriations for continuing such preparation have been made from time to time, and the act approved June 16, 1880, has provided "for the printing and binding, under direction of the Secretary of War, of 10,000 copies of a compilation of the Official Records (Union and Confederate) of the War of the Rebellion, so far as the same may be ready for publication, during the fiscal year;" and that "of said number, 7,000 copies shall be for the use of the House of Representative, 2,000 copies for the use of the Senate, and 1,000 copies for the use of the Executive Departments."*
This compilation will be the first general publication of the military records of the war, and will embrace all official documents that can be obtained by the compiler, and that appear to be of any historical value.
*Volume I to V distributed act approved June 16, 1880. The act approved August 7, 1862, provides that-
"The volumes of the official records of the war of the rebellion shall be distributed as follows: One thousand copies to the executive departments, as now provided by law. One thousand copies for distribution by the Secretary of War among officers of the Army and contributors to the work. Eight thousand three hundred copies shall be sent by the Secretary of War to such libraries, organizations,and individuals as may be designated by the Senators, Representatives, and Delegates of the Forty-seventh Congress. Each Senator shall designate not exceeding twenty-sic, and each Representative and Delegate not exceeding twenty-one of such addresses,and the volumes shall be sent thereto from time to time as they are published, until the publication is completed. Senators, Representatives, and Delegates shall inform the Secretary of War in each case how many volumes of those heretofore published they have forwarded to such addresses. The remaining copies of the eleven thousand to be published,and all sets that may not be ordered to be distributed as provided herein, shall be sold by the Secretary of War for cost of publication with ten per cent, added thereto, and the proceeds of such sale shall be covered into the Treasury. If two or more sets of said volumes are ordered to the same address the Secretary of War shall inform the Senators, Representatives or Delegates, who have designated the same, who thereupon may designate other libraries, organizations, or individuals. The Secretary of War shall report to the first session of the Forty-eight Congress what volumes of the series heretofore published have not been furnished to such libraries, organization, and individuals. He shall also inform distributed at whose instance the volumes are sent."
The publication will present the records in the following order of arrangement:
The 1st Series will embrace the formal reports, both Union and Confederate, of the first seizures of United States property in the Southern States, and of all military operations in the field, with the correspondence, orders, and returns relating specially thereto, and, as proposed, is to be accompanied by an Atlas.
In this series the reports will be arranged according to the campaigns and several theaters of operations (in the chronological order of the events), and the Union reports of any event will, as a rule, be immediately followed by the Confederate accounts. The correspondence, &c., not embraced in the "reports" proper will follow (first Union and next Confederate) in chronological order.
The 2nd Series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns, Union and Confederate, relating to prisoners of war,and (so far as the military authorities were concerned) to State or political prisoners.
The 3rd Series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Union authorities (embracing their correspondence with the Confederate officials) not relating specially to the subjects of the first and second series. It will set forth the annual and special reports of the Secretary of War, of the General-in-Chief, and of the chiefs of the several staff corps and departments; the calls for troops, and the correspondence between the National and the several State authorities.
The 4th Series will exhibit the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Confederate authorities, similar to that indicated for the Union officials, as of the third series, but excluding the correspondence between the Union and Confederate authorities given in that series.
ROBERT N. SCOTT,
Major, Third Art., and Bvt. Lieutenant Colonel
WAR DEPARTMENT, August 23, 1880.
Secretary of War.
Operations in Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and the
Indian Territory. November 19, 1861-April 10, 1862.................................... 1-834
CHAPTER I. Page.
Operations in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.
December 20, 1880-April 14, 1861..............1-317
The secession of Georgia. January 3-26, 1861.................................318-325
The secession of Alabama and Mississippi.
January 4-20, 1861.........................326-330
Operations in Florida. January 6-August 31, 1861...................................331-473
The secession of North Carolina.
January 9 - May 20, 1861...................474-488
The secession of Louisiana.
January 10 - February 19, 1861.............489-501
Operations in Texas and New Mexico.
February 1 - June 11, 1861.............. 502-626
Operations in Arkansas, the Indian Territory,
and Missouri. February 7 - May 9, 1861... 637-691
CHAPTER IX. Page.
Operations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. April 16 - July 31, 1861.1-1012
CHAPTER X. Page.
Operations in Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and Indian Territory. May 10 - November 19, 1861.1-749
CHAPTER XI. Page.
Operations an Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
June 11, 1861 - February 1, 1862........... 1-174
Operations in Kentucky and Tennessee.
July 1 - November 19, 1861.............. 175-565
Operations in North Carolina and Southeastern Virginia. August 1, 1861 - January 11, 1862..506-721.
CHAPTER XIV. Page.
Operations in Maryland, Northern Virginia, and West Virginia. August 1, 1861 - March 17, 1862...................................1-1016
CHAPTER XV. Page.
Operations on the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia, and Middle and East Florida. August 21, 1861 - April 11, 1862................... 1-435
Operations in West Florida, Southern Alabama, Southern Mississippi, and Louisiana. September 1, 1861 - May 12, 1862..................... 436-894
CHAPTER XVII. Page.
Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, N. Alabama, and
S. W. Virginia. No. 19, 1861 - March 4, 1862....1-946