War of the Rebellion: Serial 002 Page 0000 (Untitled)

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HEADQUARTERS EIGHTH BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION, ARKANSAS MILITIA,

Fort Smith, Ark., May 8, 1861.

Gov. C. HARRIS:

To-day we have information that Arkansas, in Convention, has seceded, by a vote 69 to 1. Tennessee has also seceded, and made large appropriations and ordered an army of 50,000 men.

Arkansas has for several days past been in arms on this frontier for the protection [of] citizens, and the neighboring Indian nations whose interests are identical with her own.

I have news through my scout that the U. S. troops have abandoned the forts in the Chickasaw country.

Under my orders from the commander-in-chief and governor of Arkansas, I feel authorized to extend to you such military aid as will be required in the present juncture of affairs to occupy and hold the forts.

I have appointed Colonel A. H. Word, one of the State senators, and Captains Sparks, attached to this command, commissioners to treat and confer with you on this subject. These gentlemen are fully apprised of the nature of the powers intrusted to myself by the governor of this State, and are authorized to express to you my vies of the subject under consideration. I ask, therefore, that you express to them your own wishes in the premises, and believe, my dear sir, that Arkansas cherishes the kindest regards for your people.

I have the honor to subscribe myself, with sentiments of regard, your excellency's friend and servant,

B. BURROUGHS,

Brigadier-General, Commanding.

FIRST MANASSAS

THE

WAR OF THE REBELLION:

A COMPILATION OF THE

OFFICIAL RECORDS

OF THE

UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES.

A

H-BAR ENTERPRISES

PRODUCT

COPYRIGHT 1995

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR, BY BVT. Lieutenant Colonel ROBERT N. SCOTT, THIRD U. S. ARTILLERY,

AND

PUBLISHED PURSUANT TO ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED JUNE 16, 1880

SERIES I - VOLUME II.

WASHINGTON:

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1880.

Reprinted 1985 by Historical Times, Inc.

Distributed by Broadfoot Publishing Company

Historical Times, Inc.

Morningside House

THE REPUBLICATION, in its entirety, of the War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, is a service project undertaken by the National Historical Society in the interest of libraries and scholars who have long needed a reissue of this indispensable work. Each of the 128 volumes is published in full, including the Index, and all are heavily bound in buckram for long and continued use. This and other volumes of the set are available only from the National Historical Society.

ISBN 0-918678-07-2

LC No. 72-176712

Copyright 1971 by

THE NATIONAL HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Harrisburg, PA 17105

Printed on 45 lb. Glatfelter Acid-Free

Paper by Edwards Brothers, Ann Arbor, MI 48106

The National Historical Society seeks to expand and enrich knowledge of the American past and, through its programs and services, to bring its members a fuller appreciation and deeper understanding of the people and events that came together to create the great history that is our heritage.

PREFACE.

By an act approved June 23, 1874, Congress made an appropriation "to enable the Secretary of War to begin the publication of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, both of the Union and Confederate Armies," and directed him "to have copied for the Public Printer all reports, letters, telegrams, and general orders not heretofore copied or printed, and properly arranged in chronological order."

Appropriations for continuing such preparation have been made from time to time, and the act approved June 16, 1880, has provided "for the printing and binding, under direction of the Secretary of War, of 10,000 copies of a complication of the Official Records (Union and Confederate) of the War of the Rebellion, so far as the same may be ready for publication, during the fiscal year"; and that "of said number, 7,000 copies shall be fore the use of the House of Representatives, 2,000 copies for the use of the Senate, and 1,000 copies for the use of the Executive Departments."

This compilation will be the first general publication of the military records of the war, and will embrace all official documents that can be obtained by the compiler, and that appear to be of any historical value.

The publication will present the records in the following order of arrangement:

The 1st Series will embrace the formal reports, both Union and Confederate, of the first seizures of United States property in the Southern States, and of all military operations in the field, with the correspondence, orders, and returns relating specially thereto, and, as proposed, is to be accompanied by an Atlas.

In this series the reports will be arranged according to the campaign and several theaters of operations (in the chronological order of the events), and the Union reports of any event will, as a rule, be immediately followed by the confederate accounts. The correspondence, &c., not embraced in the "reports" proper will follow (first Union and next Confederate) in chronological order.

The 2nd Series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns, Union and Confederate, relating to prisoners of war, and (so far as the military authorities were concerned) to State or political prisoners.

The 3rd Series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Union authorities (embracing their correspondence with the Confederate officials) not relating specially to the subjects of the first and second series. It will set forth the annual and special reports of the Secretary of War, of the General-in-Chief, and of the chief of the several staff corps and departments; the calls for troops and departments; the calls for troops, and the correspondence between the National and the several State authorities.

The 4th Series will exhibit the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Confederate authorities, similar to that indicated for the Union officials, as of the third series, but excluding the correspondence between the Union and Confederate authorities given in that series.

ROBERT N. SCOTT,

Major, Third Art., and Bvt. Lieutenant Colonel

WAR DEPARTMENT, August 23, 1880.

Approved:

ALEX. RAMSEY,

Secretary of War.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER IX.

Page.

Operations in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West

Virginia. April 16 - July 31, 1861 ........................................................... 1-1012

CONTENTS OF PRECEDING VOLUME.

VOLUME I.

CHAPTER I.

Page.

Operations in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.

December 20, 1860 - April 14, 1861 ...................................................... 1-317

CHAPTER II.

The secession of Georgia. January 3-26, 1861 ........................................ 318-325

CHAPTER III.

The secession of Alabama and Mississippi.

January 4-20, 1861 ................................................................................ 326-330

CHAPTER IV.

Operations in Florida. January 6 - August 31, 1861 ................................ 331-473

CHAPTER V.

The secession of North Carolina. January 9 - May 20, 1861. ................. 474-488

CHAPTER VI.

The secession of Louisiana. January 10- February 19, 1861 .................. 489-501

CHAPTER VII.

Operations in Texas and New Mexico.

February 1 - June 11, 1861 ................................................................... 502-636

CHAPTER VIII.

Operations in arkansas, the Indian Territory,

and Missouri. February 7 - May 9, 1861 .............................................. 637-691