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young knights and squires will lightly advance themselves to get honour, and the press was so great and the business so perilous, that when they were in the thick of the press, they could not relieve themselves, but were trodden under foot to death ; and so by that means there were divers of the Frenchmen slain, but to no great number. The Flemings were slain by heaps, one upon another; and when they that were behind saw the discomfiture of their company, they were abashed, and cast down their pavises and armours and turned and fled away toward Courtray and other places, and had mind of nothing but to save themselves; and the Bretons and Frenchmen chased them through dikes, groves and bushes, and ever fought and slew them downright : there were many fled between Courtray and the battle, to go to Gaunt.' This battle was on the Mount d'Or between Courtray and Rosebeque in the year of our Lord God a thousand three hundred fourscore and two, the Thursday next before Advent, in November the twentyseventh day, the French king Charles then being of fourteen year of age.


How the body of Philip d'Arteveld was brought to the king and so hanged up, and how the town of Courtray was brent.

THus, as ye have heard, the Flemings were discomfited on the Mount d'Or, their pride abated and Philip d'Arteveld slain ; and of them of Gaunt and of their partners slain with him in the field to the number of nine thousand, according to the report of the heralds, and in the chase twenty-five thousand slain ; and the battle endured not past half an hour, or it was discomfited. And after this discomfiture, the which 2 was right honourable for all Christendom and for all nobleness, for if these said villains had achieved their intents, there had never so great cruelty have been seen before in all the world, for the commonties in divers
1 `Whither they retreated to go to Gaunt' : but another reading is `whither they retreated for safety' (a sauf garant).
2 The words `And after' and `the which' spoil the structure of the sentence and are not found in the best text;

countries had rebelled, to have destroyed all nobleness. What think you that they of Paris would say when they knew of this discomfiture? I think they were nothing joyful thereof. Thus when this battle was achieved, at last they left the chase and trumpets sowned the retreat : and so every man drew to his lodging, and the vaward lodged forward, thereas the Flemings had lien the night before, and there took their ease and were well refreshed, for new purveyance came to them from Ypres ; and so that night they made great fires with such pavises and staves as the Flemings had brought to the field. And when the king was in his lodging, there was pight up a pavilion of crimson sendal, right noble and rich, and there the king's uncles unarmed him, and divers other lords of France came thither to see him, as reason required. Then the king said to them that were about him `Sirs, if Philip d'Arteveld be alive or dead, I would fain see him.' They answered how they would do their pain that he should see him. And then there was made a cry through the host, that whosoever could find Philip d'Arteveld should have a hundred franks for his labour. Then there were many that went among the dead bodies, who were nigh despoiled of all their clothes : at last there was such search made that he was found and known by a varlet that had served him long time before, and he knew him very well by divers tokens. So he was drawn and brought before the king's pavilion, and the king beheld him a long space and so did all. the other lords, and he was turned and returned to see what hurts or wounds he had, but they could see no wound whereby he should die ; but it was judged that he fell in a little dike and a great many of the Gauntois on him, whereby he was pressed to death. And so when they had well regarded him, then at last he was taken from thence and hanged upon a tree. This was the end of Philip d'Arteveld. Sir Daniel of Halewyn, who was within Oudenarde with other knights and squires, the which had kept the garrison right honourably, the Wednesday before the battle, because be knew well that the king was in Flanders and should have battle with the Flemings, late in the night he

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