beaten with such rods, there ought none to be sorry thereof, nor they could not excuse themselves but that by their own faults they were cause of their own trouhle. Reason proveth how: for when the earl of Flanders sent to them his baily to have done justice on certain rebels and evil-disposed people, they might, if they had list, have bidden by him and have given him comfort in doing of justice, the which they did not, but it seemed that they had liefer the matter had gone evil, as it did, rather than well, and had rather to have war with their own lord than peace; for well they might know that if they had war, that the evil people should be lords of the town and should be their masters, and not to be put down again when they would. This proved well by John Faucille, who to the intent to dissimule the matter departed out of the town of Gaunt and went and dwelt in Hainault, whereby he thought to be purged out of blame for the war between the earl and the town, thinking to bear no blame of neither party. Howbeit, the matter was so laid to his charge, that he died thereby ; which was great damage, for this John Faucille was in his time a right sage and a noble wise man ; but it is hard halting before lords and their counsels, for they see clearly.' This man could well aid and counsel other, but as touching himself he could not take the best way. I cannot say whether he were culpable or not of the articles that he was examined of at Lille by sir Simon Rin, but the knights and evil fortune turned all against him, so that he died. And in like wise so is fallen of all the captains of Gaunt that sustained the rebellion against their lord. Also it hath cost sith many a man's life in Gaunt, and peradventure many a one that were in no default. When Peter du Bois saw that the town of Gaunt daily impaired and feebled, as well in their captains as in their men, and saw well how the rich men began to wax weary and were in mind to leave the war ; wherefore he doubted greatly, and imagined and saw well that by no means of the world
1 ' But one could not in those days halt before lords and their councillors, for they saw too clearly' ; that is, it was not possible to take a middle course such as John de la Faucille had done. A better reading is, 'but one cannot in these days (a present) halt before, etc., for they see too clearly.'
there could any peace be made with the earl, so that he should be sure of his life. Then he remembered himself of John Lyon, who was his master, and studied by what means he wrought, and he saw well that he could not do all thing alone, nor that he had not the wit and understanding to govern the whole town of Gaunt; wherefore he thought he would not have the principal charge, but in all foolish enterprises he thought covertly to have the study' of them. Then he remembered himself of a roan, the which was not greatly taken heed of in the town of Gaunt. He was a wise man, but his wisdom was not known, nor he was not taken heed of till the same day. He was called Philip d'Arteveld, son to Jaques d'Arteveld, who in his time seven year together had the governance of all the county of Flanders ; and he heard Peter du Bois and John Lyon his master 2 and divers other ancient men of Gaunt oftentimes say that the country of Flanders was never more loved, honoured and feared than it was in the time of Jaques d'Arteveld, the which endured the space of seven year; and as then he heard daily the Gauntois say how that when Jaques d'Arteveld lived, their business was in good estate, for then, they said, they might have peace at their wills and the earl was glad when he might pardon us all. Peter du Bois remembered well these words in himself, and saw how Jaques d'Arteveld had a son called Philip, a right convenable and gracious man, and the queen of England, while she lay at Gaunt during the siege before Tournay, was his godmother, and so for the love of her he was named Philip. Then Peter du Bois in an evening came to this Philip, who was abiding in his mother's house and lived honestly on their rents, and Peter du Bois began to reason with him and began to open the matter wherefore he was come to him, and said thus: 'Philip, if ye will take good heed to my words and believe my counsel, I will make you the greatest man in all the county of Flanders.' ' How can that be, sir?' said Philip. ' I shall shew you,' said Peter ; ' ye shall have the governing and ministration of all them in the town of
1 ' Le soing,' 'the charge.' Mistranslated. It should be : 'And this Peter du Bois had heard John Lyon his master,' etc.