Page 276

Page 276(The Bitter End)

9. AESF ComdC.

10. Ibid.

11. Quinlan inrvw, 'lapc 111A.

12. Ibid.

13. Bushey Comments.

14. AESF ComdC.

Xuan Loc Remembered

15. Spring Victory, p, 167.

16. Fall of the South, pp. 129-160.

17. Spring Victory, pp. 219-220; Pali ofthe South, pp. 157-158.

18. 9th MAB ComdC; Smii-h Commcms; FallofSouth Vietnam:

Statements, pp. 245-247.

19. Smith Comments.

20. 9rh MAB ComdC; Smith Comments; Fall of Saigon, pp-390-392.

21. Art of War, p. 78.

Saigon and the Final Preparation Pieces

22. 9th MAB ComdC; Livingsron Comments.

23- 9th MAB ComdC; McKinsrry intvw.

24- 9rh MAB ComdC; McKinsrry inrvw; Carey Comments; 'laylor Comments.

25. 9th MAB ComdC; McKinsiry inrvw; Taylor Comments; Wood inrvw.

26. Frequent Wind File.

27. Frequent Wind File; Wood intvw.

28. 9th MAB ComdC.

Consulate Marines

29. Cu C, MSG Bn ComdC, lJan-30Jun75; Fall of Saigon, pp.

329-331- 360.

30. Co C, MSG Bn ComdC, lJan-30Jun75.

31. SSgt Boyettc S. Hasty intvw, 23 May75, Tape 6344 (Oral Hisi-Coll, MCHC),
hereafter Hasty intvw.

32. Ibid,

33. Ibid.

34. Ibid.

35. Ibid.

36. AESF ComdC.

37. Hasty intvw.

38. Ibid-

39. Ibid.

40. Ibid,

41. Ibid.

42. Ibid.


Operation Frequent Wind

and a New Beginning



In preparing this chapter the following materials were used: 9th MAB ComdC,
26Mar-30Apr75, hereafter 9th MAB ComdC; RLT 4 ComdC, 27Mar-30Apr75, hereafter
RLT 4 ComdC; BLT 2/4 ComdC, 19Apr-30Apr75, hereafter BLT 2/4 ComdC; BLT 1/9
ComdC, 26Mar-30Apr75, hereafter BIT 1/9 ComdC; ProvMAG-39 ComdC, 19Apr-12May75,
hereafter ProvMAG-39 ComdC; and 3d Battalion, 9th Marines ComdC lJan-30Jun75,
hereafter BLT 3/9 ComdC. Also used were: MajGen John R. D. Cieland, Jr., USA,
"Memorandum for the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff: NEMVAC Survey Report,"
May 1975, hereafter Cieland Report; Frequent Wind File; Maj A. J. C. Lavalle,
ed., Last Flight From Saigon (Washington: Office of Air Force History, 1985),
hereafter I^isf Flight; and Ray L, Bowers, The United States Air Force in
Southeast Asia: 'iac-lical Airlift (Washingron: Office of Air Force History,
1983), hereafter Tactical Airlift. Also, Gen Louis H. Wilson, Comments on
draft ms, 26Sep88 (Comment File), hereafter Wilson Comments; MajGen Norman
W. Gourley, Comments on draft ms, lMar89 (Comment File), hereafter Gourley
Comments; Col Edwin F. Pelosky, Comments on draft ms, 21Sep88 (Comment File),
hereafter Pelosky Comments; Carey Commenrs; I-ivingston Comments; Smith Comments;
Taylor Comments; Wood Comments; Young Comments; and G nil martin Comments.

1. Livingston Comments; McKinsrry inrvw.

2. Livingston Comments.

3. Wood intvw.

9th MAB

4. CinCPac msg 10 ComSeventhFlt, dtd 20Apr75 (Frequent Wind


5. CG 9th MAB msg to CO, CTF 76, dtd 29Apr75 (Frequent Wind


6. CO, CTG 76 msg to ComSeventhFlt, dtd 24Apr75 (Frequent

Wind File).

7. Young Comments.

8. Carey Comments; LastFUght, pp. 76-82; Tactics! Airlift, p. 643.

9. Capt John B. Heffernan intvw, 22Jul86, Tape 112A (Oral Hisr-Coll, MCHC),
hereafter Heffernan intvw.

10. CG 9rh MAB msg to CO, KIT 4, did 28Apr75 (Frequcnr Wind File); Livingsron
Commenrs; Taylor Comments.

11. CinCPac msg m CG, USSAG/Sevenrh Air Force, drd 29Apr75 (Frequent Wind

The DAO Compound

12. Frequent Wind AAR msg to CG. USSAG/Seventh Air Force and ComSevenihFIt,
dtd 2May75 (Frequent Wind File), hereafter 9th MAB AAR.

13. Capt William R. Melron inrvw, 28)un86, Tape 115A (Oral Hist-Coll, MCHC),
hereafter Melton inrvw.

14. Capr Kun A. Schrader, written comments on Operations Eagle Pull and
Frequent Wind, dtd 9May88 (Frequent Wind File).

15. Heffernan inivw.

16. RLT 4 OPIan 3-75; RLT 4 ComdC (Frequent Wind File).

17. LtCol James L. Bolton inivw, 18JLin75, Tape 113A (Oral Hist-Coll. MCHC),
hereafter Bolton intvw.

18. CO, CTG 76 msg to ComSevenihFli, CG Seventh Air Force, and all participating
forces, dtd 29Apr75 (Frequent Wind File).

19. GySgt Russell R. Thurmond intvw, 5Apr85, Tape 1!4A (Oral HisrColl, MCHC).

20. 9th MAB ComdC.

21. CO. CTG 76 msg to ComSeventhFit, CG Seventh Air Force, and participating
forces, dtd 29Apr75, hereafter Frequent Wind Helo Time Schedule.

22. BLT 2/4 ComdC.

23. Melton intvw.

24. CTF 76 Special Situation Reports, Serial Numbers 1-72, to Com-SevenihFli,
dtd 29Apr75 (Frequent Wind File), hereafter Spec SitReps.

25. Ibid.

Page 276(The Bitter End)