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34. MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, pp. 521, 525-6.


35. MarOpsV, Dec68, p. 54; Maj Edward F. Palm, Comments on draft, dtd 28May95 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Palm Comments.


36. Thayer, "Pacification and Civil Affairs," v. 10, pp. 10-2.


37. Ibid; 1st MarDiv Itr to dist list, Subj: Restoration of Vietnam RR, dtd lAug68, and attachments. End l, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Aug68; III MAF Fact Sheet, Subj: Da Nang-Hue Railroad, dtd 15Oct68, in III MAF Fact Sheets, Asst CMC Visit, 28 Oct^iNov68, hereafter III MAF Da Nang-Hue Railroad Fact Sheet, 15Oct68.


38. III MAF Da Nang-Hue Railroad Fact Sheet, 15Oct68; III MAF ComdC, Nov68, p. 30; III MAF ComdC, Dec68, pp. 31-2; MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, p. 544. III MAF and Pacification


39. Komer, Bureaucracy at War, p. 59.


40. Gen Robert E. Cushman, Jr., intvw, lNov82, 49-50 (Oral Hist-Coll, MCHC), hereafter Cushman intvw, 1982.


41. MajGen Norman J. Anderson, intvw, 3d Session, 17Marl981, p. 231 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


42. Cushman intvw, 1982, p. 49.


43. III MAF Fact Sheet, Subj: New Concepts in Pacification Management, dtd 19Oct68, in III MAF Fact Sheets, Asst CMC Visit, 28 Oct^4Nov68. For some of the friction between the Combined Action Program and CORDS, see LtCol Byron F. Brady, Comments on draft, dtd 30Oct94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Brady Comments. See also the discussion in the section on the Combined Action Program in this chapter.


44. III MAF ComdC, Mar68, p. 31; Col Ross R. Miner, Debriefing by FMFPac, 5Sep68, Tape 3068, (Oral HistColl, MCHC); FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec68, pp. pp.71-2.


45. III MAF ComdC, Feb68, pp. 32-3.


46. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Mar68, p. 45 and III MAF ComdC, Dec68, pp.39-40.


47. III MAF ComdC, Dec68, pp. 25-6 and 39-40; Chart of Chieu Hoi Returnees, Jan-Sep68, attached to III MAF Fact Sheet, Subj: Status of Pacification in I Corps, dtd 18 Ocr68, in III MAF Fact Sheets, Asst CMC Visit, 28 Oct-4Nov68; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Feb68, p. 52, Dec68, p. 51.


48. III MAF ComdC, Feb68, p. 31; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec68, p. 51;


LtGen Donn J. Robertson intvw, 1973-76, p. 12 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


49. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec68, p. 122.


50. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Jan68, p. 45.


51. 1st MarDiv ComdC, Jan68, p. 23; 7th Engr Bn, Historical Study ofCivicAction, Jan1968-June1969, dtd lAug69, End, LtCol Themis-codes T. Annas, USMC, Comments on draft, dtd 6Ded994, hereafter 7th Eng Bn, Hist Study Civic Action.


52. 1st MarDiv ComdCs, Nov68, pp. 25-6, and Dec68, pp. 44-5; 7th Eng Bn, Hist Study Civic Action.


53. 3d MarDiv ComdC, May68, pp. 40-1.


54. MajGen Raymond G. Davis, debrief at FMFPac, 15Apr69, pp. 337^2, (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


55. Col Donald R. Myers, Comments on draft, dtd 27Oct94 (Vietnam Comment File); IstLtJustin M. Martin Itr to wife, dtd 24Nov68, End to LtCol Justin M. Martin, Comments on draft, n.d. {Ju196} (Vietnam Comment File)


56. III MAF ComdC, Aug68; III MAF Fact Sheet, Subj: 3d Marine Division Memorial Children's Hospital, dtd 12Oct68, in III MAF Fact Sheets, Asst CMC Visit, 28 Oct^Nov68; Graham A. Comas and LtCol Terrence P. Murray, U. S. Marines in Vietnam, Vietnamization and Redeployment, 1970-71 (Washington, D.C.: Hist & Mus Div, HQMC, 1986), pp. 171-2, hereafter, Comas and Murray, U.S. Marines in Vietnam 1970-71. Colonel Peabody is quoted in Cosmas and Murray, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1970-71,p. 172.


57. LtCol Merrill L. Bartlett, Comments on draft, dtd 8Nov94 (Vietnam Comment File); Charles R. Anderson, Vietnam, The Other War (Novato, Cal: Presidio Press, 1982), pp. 71 and 75. Homicide in the Countryside


58. Cushman intvw, 1982, pp. 11-2; Cushman intvw. Mar 1969, 475-76 (Oral HistColl, MCHC); MajGen Rathvon McC Tompkins intvw, 1973, pp. 62-3 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


59. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 375-80; Cushman intvw, 1982, pp. 35-6.


60. Cushman intvw, 1982, p. 36.


61. LtCol Gary D. Solis, Marines and Military Law in Vietnam: Trial by Fire (Washington, D. C.: Hist & Mus Div, HQMC, 1989), pp. 111-4, hereafter Solis, Trial by Fire. The statistics of Marine court-martials are from Maj W. Hays Parks, "Crimes in Hostilities," pt I, Marine Corps Gazette, Aug76, v. 60, no. 8, pp. 16-22, p. 18.


62. Solis, Trial by Fire, p. 139.


63. LtCol Gary D. Solis, "Marine Corps War Crimes in Vietnam:


Uncounted and Unpunished?" Precis of paper (Jan 1993) to be presented at Naval Academy Historical Symposium, Oct 1993; Maj W. Hays Parks, "Crimes in Hostilities," Conclusion, Marine Corps Gazette, Sept 1976, V. 60, No. 9, pp. 33-39, p. 38, hereafter Parks, "Crimes in Hostilities," Conclusion; Solis, Trial by Fire, pp. 138-39. The quotes in the text follow the order of presentation of the sources.


64. Quoted in Parks, "Crimes in Hostilities," Conclusion, p. 38,


65. Murray intvw, pp. 24-5. Changing Attitudes


66. III MAF Fact Sheet, Subj: Personal Response, dtd 18Oct68, in III MAF Fact Sheets, Asst CMC Visit, 28 Oct-4Nov68, dtd 31Oct68, hereafter Personal Response Fact Sheet, Oct68; "III MAF Platoon Leader's Personal Response Notebook" [1967], given to author by LCdr Richard McGonigal (USN).


67. Personal Response Fact Sheet, Oct68; 3dMarDiv ComdC, Jan68, pp.46-7.


68. Personal Response Fact Sheet, Oct68.


69. Ibid.; MajGen Rathvon McC Tompkins, debrief by FMFPac, 17Dec68, Tape 3627 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


70. Parks, "Crimes in Hostilities," Conclusion, p. 38.


71. Comas and Murray, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1970-71, p. 350. See also Col Richard B. Smith, Comments on draft, dtd l4Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File).







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