Page 707

Page 707 (1968: The Defining Year)







31. 1st Engr Bn ComdC, Jul68.


32. 1st Engr Bn ComdCs, Apr-Dec68.


33. 1st MarDiv ComdCs, Jun-Dec68; 7th Engr Bn ComdCs, May-Dec68; C. A. Rocco memo to CO 7th Engr Bn, Subj: Completion of Barrier Project, dtd 23 Aug68, End, LtCol Themistocles T. Annas, Comments on draft chapter, dtd 6Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File); Charles R. Smith, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, High Mobility and Standdvwn, 1969 (Washington, D.C.: Hist&MusDiv, HQMC, 1988), p.201. The FLC Continues to Cope


34. FLC ComdC, Mar68, tab E, End 2, p. 6.


35. FLC ComdCs, Apr68, tab E, End 2, pp. 6-7, and May68, tab E, End 2, p. 6.


36. FLC ComdC, Jun68, tab E, End 2, pp. 6-8.


37. FLC ComdCs, Aug68, tab E, pp. 6-7, and Oct68, p. 7.


38. FLC ComdC, Nov68, End l, p. 8.


39. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec68, p. 90. PART VI Other Perspectives: Pacification and Marines Outside of III MAF CHAPTER 29 PACIFICATION


Unless otherwise noted, the sources for this chapter are: MACV ComdHist, 1967; MACV ComdHist, 1968; FMFPac, MarOpsV with specific month; III MAF ComdCs, Dec67-Jan68; A&S Files, Indochina Archives; Krulak, First to Fight, Sharp and Westmoreland, Report on the War; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports; Shulimson and Johnson, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1965', Shulimson, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1966;


Telfer, Rogers, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967. Prelude


1. Robert J. Komer, Bureaucracy at War, U.S. Performance in the Vietnam Conflict (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1986), p. 113, hereafter, Komer, Bureaucracy at War; for the figures on CAP strength see FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec67, p. 64.


2. For the Marine system, see Shulimson, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1966, pp. 256-58; for the first quote see Richard Hunt, "Pacification and Counter-Insurgency," in Vietnam Historians Workshop, Plenary Session (Washington: Hist&Mus Div, HQMC, 9 May 1983), p. 4; for the second quote see Thomas C. Thayer, War Without fronts: The American Experience in Vietnam (Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 1985), pp 4-5, hereafter Thayer, War Without Fronts.


3. For this and the following paragraph, see FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec67, p. 49; 3d MarDiv, Topic No. 6, Psychological Operations, 3d MarDiv Working Papers, Input to III MAF Campaign Plan Quarterly Review, n.d [Dec67], End 78, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec67.


4. This and the following four paragraphs are drawn from Shulimson, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1966, pp. 243^i5.


5. Ibid., pp. 249-50; Telfer, Rogers, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967, p. 184; MajGen Raymond L. Murray inrvw, 1975, pp. 18-9 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Murray intvw.



6. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 165-6.


7. Ibid., 159-61; Shulimson, U.S. Marines m Vietnam, 1966, pp. 44-5.


8. Shulimson, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1966, pp. 44-5; Thomas C. Thayer, OASD (SA) RP Southeast Intelligence Division, editor, A Systems Analysis View of the Vietnam War 796.5-72, v. 10, Pacification and Civil Affairs (Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service, Dept of Commerce, 1975) ADA 039317, pp. 47 and 49, hereafter, Thayer, "Pacification and Civil Affairs," v. 10.


9. Komer, Bureaucracy at War, pp. 118-19; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 214-15.


10. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, p. 215.


11. Komer, Bureaucracy at War, pp. 41 and 117-19.


12. Shulimson, Marines in Vietnam, 1966, p. 254; MACV ComdHist, 1967, pp. 318 and 320.


13. MACV ComdHist, 1967, p. 320; MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, pp. 561-2; Komer, Bureaucracy at War, pp. 33-5.


14. MACV ComdHist, 1967, p. 320; MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, pp.


13-7.


15. CMC msg to CGFMFPac, dtd 12Oct67, HQMC Msg File.


16. CGFMFPac msg to CMC, dtd 21Oct67, HQMC Msg File.


17. Ibid.


18. Ibid.


19. Ibid.


20. Ibid.


21. MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, p. 519; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec67, p. 53; Thayer, War Without Fronts, pp. 142-3.


22. MACV ComdHist, 1968, I, p. 519.


23. For an official opinion that the "crossover point" had been reached, see MACV J-2 estimate cited in CGFMFPac msg to CMC, dtd 24Aug67, HQMC Msg File. Relative to the removal of the two categories, see MACV Briefing on Enemy Order of Battle, 24Nov67, quoted in Thayer, War Without Fronts, p. 31 and the discussion in Chapter l.


24. Thayer, War Without Fronts, pp. 30, 33, and 208-09; MACV ComdHist, I, p. 544. The Tet Offensives and Operation Recovery


25. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Feb68, p. 52 and Dec68, p. 53; MACV ComdHist, I, pp. 520, 536, 539, 541; Patrick J. McGarvey, untitled ms, Hoover Institution on War, Peace and Revolution, Stanford University, Chapter 6, p. 41.


26. MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, pp. 520, 536, 539, 542-44.


27. The source for this and the following paragraph is: FMFPac, MarOpsV, Mar68, pp. 30-2.


28. MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, 539.


29. Ibid., pp. 554-55; Thayer, War Without Fronts, p. 169.


30. MACV, ComdHist, 1968,1, p. 520.


31. Komer, Bureaucracy at War, p. 30.


32. Ibid.


33. MACV ComdHist, 1968, I, pp. 554-5; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec68, pp. 59-60.







Page 707 (1968: The Defining Year)