Page 703

Page 703 (1968: The Defining Year)







14. DepDirPers Presentation, General Officers Symposium 1968, tab J, p. 2. The Quality Issue and Project 100,000


15. Homer Bigart, "McNamara Plans to 'Salvage' 40,000 Rejected in Draft," The New York Times, 24Aug66, pp. l, 18.


16. Memo, Subj: Enlistment of Marginal Personnel, n.d., p. 2, File 1100, CF 67.


17. Janice H. Laurence and Peter F. Ramsberger, Low-Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays'! (New York: Praeger, 1991), p. 23.


18. Telephone intvw between Thomas D. Morris and Capt David A. Dawson, 24May91.


19- CMC Reference Notebook 1969, Subj: Enlistment of Marginal Personnel-Project 100,000; AC/S G-l Presentation, General Officers Symposium Book, 1969, sec E, p 20.


20. Mark J. Eirelberg et al., Screening for Service: Aptitude and Education Criteria for Military Entry (Washington, D.C.: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense [Manpower, Installations, and Logistics], 1984), pp.138,147.


21. CMC Reference Notebook 1966-67, 1970, 1974.


22. Office of the Adjutant General, U. S. Army, Annual Report of the Qualitative Distribution of Military Manpower Program for 1951-1952 and FY 1955.


23. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Characteristics and Performance of New Standards Men: Final Report, June 1971, Table A-3, A-6 (HumRRO Collection).


24. Lewis B. Puller, Jr., Fortunate Son, The Autobiography of Lewis B, Puller,Jr. (New York, New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991), pp. 77-8.


25. LtCol Howard Lovingood intvw with Capt David A. Dawson, 17May91. Training


26. CMC Reference Notebook, 1965-1968.


27. CMC Reference Notebook 1968, Subj: Basic Specialist Training, 8Jan68.


28. CMC Reference Notebook 1968, Subj: Recruit Training (Including Changes to Accommodate SEAsia), 26Apr68. The Search for Junior Leaders


29. See Bernard C. Nalty and LtCol Ralph F. Moody, A Brie/History of U. S. Marine Corps Officer Procurement (Washington, D.C.: Hist Div, HQMC, 1970, rev ed), hereafter Nalty and Moody, Officer Procurement, for a description of the commissioning of senior NCO's as temporary officers during these conflicts.


30. Based on data from M.C. Personnel Statistics. On 31 December 1967, the Marine Corps had 6,326 first lieutenants on active duty. Of these, 3,800 were ground officers, and 3,493 had more than four years enlisted service. Since almost all of the 4,059 temporary officers should have been first lieutenants by this time, almost all of the first lieutenants with more than four years enlisted service must have been temporary officers. This is further supported by the fact that only 453 captains and 133 second lieutenants had more than four years enlisted service at this time, for a total of 4,079 company grade officers. Even allowing for casualties, other attrition, and the possibility of promotion from second lieutenant to major in less than three years, temporary officers accounted for somewhere on the order of 3,200-3,350 first lieutenants. Since all temporary officers were ground officers, the bulk of ground-assignable first lieutenants must have been temporary officers.


31. Nalty and Moody, Officer Procurement, pp. 23-24.


32. Gen Wallace M. Greene Itr to LtGen James M. Masters, Sr., dtd 31 Aug67,CF67 File 5000/5.


33. Nalty and Moody, Officer Procurement, p. 22.


34. DAC/S G-l Presentation, General Officers Symposium Book, 1967, tab G, p. 3.


35. Director, Policy Analyses Division memo to Chief of Staff, Subj:


Questions Asked by CMC in a Review of Second Draft of SecNav Posture Statement, dtd 22Jan68, CF 68.


36. AC/S G-1 Presentation, General Officers Symposium Book, 1969, tab E, p. 16.


37. MCBul 5430, Subj: Activation of Career Advisory Branch, 8Apr68 and HQBul 5400, Subj: Activation of Career Advisory Branch, 12Apr68,bothinCF68 Discipline


38. CGlstMarDiv msg to 1st MarDiv, dtd 8Apr68, End 4, 1st Mar-Div ComdC, Apr68.


39. DivBul 5100, Subj: Accidental discharges, 24Aug68, End 15, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Aug68.


40. DivBul 5100, Subj: Careless Discharge of Weapons, 24Oct68, End 19, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Oct68.


41. 1st MarDivO 5101.2A, Subj: Weapons Safety, 4Mar69, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Mar69.


42. CMC Reference Notebook 1968, tab I-K, Subj: Marijuana involvement on the part of Marines, 21May68.


43. Talking Paper: Narcotics, Dangerous Drugs and Marijuana, p. 5, tab Y, General Officers Symposium Book, 1968.


44. Charles R. Anderson, Vietnam: The Other War (Novato, California:


Presidio Press, 1982), p. 45, hereafter Anderson, Vietnam: The Other War.


45. Ibid., p. 22


46. Ibid, p. 21-22.


47. Ibid., p. 23; LtCol Gary D. Solis, Marines and Military Law in Vietnam: Trial By Fire, (Washington, D.C.: Hist&MusDiv, HQMC, 1989), p. 114; Maj Donald E. Milone, Comments on draft, n.d. [Dec94] (Vietnam Comment File).


48. The earliest racial incident recorded in HQMC files occurred in August 1968. Presumably there were racial incidents before this date, but this appears to be when HQMC began trying to keep track of racial incidents. CMC Reference Notebook 1972, Key Issue Paper, Subj:


Equal Opportunity and Racial Unrest/Violence, n.d.


49. CMC msg to CGFMFPac, personal for LtGen Buse from Gen Chapman, dtd 17Oct68, HQMC Msg File.


50. CMC msg to CGFMFPac, dtd 22Oct68, HQMC Msg File.


51. Quoted in Otto J. Lehrack, No Shining Armor (Lawrence, Kansas:


University Press of Kansas, 1992), p. 326. Morale


52. MajGen Carl W. Hoffman intvw, l4Nov84 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Hoffman intvw, p. 160.







Page 703 (1968: The Defining Year)