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66. An additional source for this paragraph is: BGen Henry W. Hise to BGen Alan J. Armstrong, dtd 13Mar68, File A, 1968 Cor (McCutcheon Papers, PC464, MCHC), hereafter Hise to Armstrong Itr, Mar68 (McCutcheon Papers).


67. McCutcheon Comments, Khe Sanh; Dabney intvw, 20May82, pp. 25-6, 69; Hise to Armstrong Itr, Mar68 (McCutcheon Papers); 1st MAW ComdC, Mar68, p. 2-2.


68. 1st MAW ComdC, Mar68, p. 2-2; 1st MAW memo, 12Aug68, "Airlift Support of Khe Sanh" (Quilter Papers); Guay, "The Khe Sanh Airlift," pp. 7-8. Again there is some difference between the 1st MAW ComdC and the memo in the Quilter papers over the figures on the tonnage and passengers lifted out by the helicopters. According to the memo, the helicopters lifted 10,677 passengers and 3,379 tons of cargo. On the other hand, according to the command chronology, the choppers lifted 14,562 passengers and 4,661 tons. The figures in the memo are used in the text, as the authors of the memo made some attempt to resolve conflicting information.


69. Nalty, "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh," pp 39-46. CHAPTER 24 A MATTER OF DOCTRINE: MARINE AIR AND SINGLE MANAGER


Unless otherwise noted the sources in this chapter are derived from MACV ComdHist, 1968; HQMC Msg File; HQMC, Status of Forces, 1968; HQMC DCS (Air) Single Manager Fidr, Jan68-l 5Aug70; FMFPac, MaiOpsV, 1967-1968; III MAF ComdCs, Jan-Dec 1968; 1st MAW ComdCs, Jan-Dec68; Cushman intvw, Nov 82; MajGen Charles J. Quilter Papers, MCHC; Norman Anderson Papers; Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81; McCutcheon Papers, MCHC; Westmoreland Papers, CMH; Westmoreland intvw, 1983; Chaisson Papers, Hoover Institute; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports', Sharp and Westmoreland, Report on the War, Bernard C. Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh (Washington: Office of Air Force History, 1969), hereafter Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, Command and Control of Air Operations in the Vietnam War, McCutcheon, "Marine Aviation in Vietnam, 1962-70." The Establishment of Single Manager


1. Historical Summary, General Entry, 27Dec67-31Jan68, v.28, History File, Westmoreland Papers, CMH, hereafter Westmoreland, General Entry, 27Dec67-3 lJan68; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, p. 344; Graham A. Cosmas, "General Westmoreland and Control of the Air War," Command and Control of Air Operations in the Vietnam War, pp. 29-38.


2. Westmoreland inrvw, dtd 4Apr83, p. 47. General Westmoreland did not recall the date of this meeting but he did meet with Cushman and General Norman Anderson about aviation arrangements on 19 January 1968. See Westmoreland entry for 19Jan68, Historical Summary, Westmoreland Papers, CMH.


3. Cushman Intvw, Nov82, pp. 33^; Westmoreland intvw, 1983, p. 38; Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81, pp. 192, 194-5; MajGen Norman J. Anderson Itr to BGen Edwin H. Simmons, dtd 8Sep83, Norman Anderson Papers, PC1263 (MCHC), hereafter N. Anderson Itr, 8Sep83.


4. Westmoreland intvw, 1983, pp. 38-50, quote is on p. 39.


5. Ibid. p. 42; N. Anderson Itr, 8Sep83; Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81, pp. 192, 194-5.


6. BGen John R. Chaisson Itr to wife, dtd 28Jan68, Chaisson Papers, Hoover Institute; Westmoreland, General Entry, 27Dec67-3 lJan68;


Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81, pp. 194-5; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 342-3.


7. Gen William C. Westmoreland, Historical Summary, l-29Feb68, pp. 4-5, Fidr 29, Westmoreland Papers (CMH); Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 342-3; N. Anderson Itrs to MajGen Keith B. McCutcheon, dtd 7 and 13 Feb68, Letters Nos. 50 and 58, File A, 1968 Correspondence, Box 20 (McCutcheon Papers, PC464)


8. Sharp msg to Westmoreland, dtd 18Jan68, Doc No. 3, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-l 5Aug70; Gen Westmoreland to LtGen Krulak, dtd 28Jan68, Doc 68, III MAF Incoming Msgs, Dec67-lFeb68; MajGen Norman Anderson, Memorandum for the Record, dtd 17Feb68, Subj: Control of Air in the Defense of Khe Sanh (Norman Anderson Papers, PC1263), hereafter Anderson memo, Control of Air, 17Feb68.


9. Anderson memo, Control of Air, 17Feb68.


10. Ibid.


11. CGIIIMAF msg to CGFMFPac, dtd 18Feb68 (III MAF Provisional Corps, Vietnam Folder); BGen E. E. Anderson Itr to MajGen K. B. McCutcheon, dtd 19Feb68, Ltr No. 56, File A, 1968 Correspondence, Box 20 (McCutcheon Papers, PC464).


12. Westmoreland msg to Sharp, dtd 19Feb68, Doc 7, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-l 5Aug70.


13. Transcript of III MAF Meeting with General Momyer, n.d. [20Feb68], End, Gen Earl E. Anderson, Comments on draft, 18Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File).


14. MACV ComdHist, 1968,1, p. 437; ComUSMACV Itr to CGIIIMAF, dtd 7Mar68, Subj: Single Management, Doc 14, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-l 5Aug70; ComUSMACV msg to CGIIIMAF, dtd 22Feb68, Doc No. 13, III MAF Incoming Msgs, 20Feb68-lMar68;


BGen John R. Chaisson, entry 29Feb68, Diary, Jan-Jun68, Chaisson Papers, Hoover Institute.


15. CMC, Memo for the Chairman, JCS, Subj: Single Management, dtd, 21Feb68, Doc 9, and MACV, Memo for the Chairman, JCS, Subj:


Single Management, dtd 24Feb68, Doc 11, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-l 5Aug70.


16. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, p. 344; "Chronology of Events and Briefing for new CinCPac at HQMC . . ." in Command Relations and Air Control in ICTZ, n.d. (May68] Doc 20, HQMC DCS (Air) Single Manager, Fidr, Jan68-15Aug70, hereafter Chronology of Events, Doc 20; CGFMFPac msg to CG III MAF, dtd 6Mar68, Doc 2, III MAF Incoming Msgs, 4-l4Mar68, hereafter CGFMFPac msg to CGIIIMAF, dtd 6Mar68; intvw with Sharp quoted in Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, p. 77.


17. CGlstMAW msg to Krulak and Cushman, dtd 18Mar68, Doc No. 8, III MAF Incoming Msgs, 15-27Mar68; Schlight, The Years of the Offensive, 1965-68, p. 285.


18. Quoted in CGFMFPac msg to CGIIIMAF, dtd 5Mar68, and cover sheet, Doc No. l. III MAF Incoming Msgs, 5-l4Mar68. See also ComUSMACV Itr to CG III MAF, dtd 7Mar68, Subj: Single Management, Doc No. 14, HQMC DCS (Air) Single Manager Fidr, Jan68-15Aug70, hereafter ComUSMACV Itr, 7Mar68 Single Management; Schlight, The Years of the Offensive, 1965-68, p. 285.


19. ComUSMACV Itr, 7Mar68, Single Management.


20. Ibid.







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