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Proposed Changes in Command and Control over Marine Air-Operation Niagara, January 1968


31. The sources for this and the following paragraph are: MACV Comd-Hist, 1968, I, pp. 423^; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, p. 344;


Nalty, Air Power and'the Fight For Khe Sanh, pp. 14-5; Bernard C. Nalty, "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh," Command and Control of Air Operations in the Vietnam War, pp. 39-46, hereafter Nalty, "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh."


32. McCutcheon intvw, Apr 1971, p. 6; Chaisson inrvw, 19Mar69, pp. 235-6; Nalty, "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh," pp. 39-46; Gen William W. Momyer, Air Power in Three Wars, (WW11, Korea, Vietnam) (Washington, DC: GPO, 1978), pp. 285-7.


33. MajGen John R. Chaisson intvw, Mar69, pp. 229-30 and 236-7 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


34. Ibid.; Graham A. Cosmas, "General Westmoreland and Control of the Air War," in Command and Control of Air Operations in the Vietnam War, pp. 29-36.


35. Westmoreland msg to Sharp, dtd 18Jan68, Doc no. 2, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-15Aug70; Gen William C. Westmoreland, USA, intvw, dtd 4Apr83, p. 47 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


36. Sharp msg to Westmoreland, dtd 18Jan68, Doc No. 3, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-15Aug70.


37. Westmoreland msg to Sharp, dtd 21Jan68, Doc No. 4, HQMC, DCS Air Folder, Single Manager, Jan68-15Aug70; ComUSMACV msg to CG III MAF and CG Seventh Air Force, dtd 22Jan68 (Doc No. 58, III MAF Incoming Msgs, Dec67-lFeb68); MACV ComdHist, pp. 423^.


38. Norman Anderson, Memo For the Record, dtd 29Jan68 (Norman Anderson Papers, PC 1263, MCHC).


39. John Schlight, The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia, The War in South Vietnam, the Years of the Offensive, 1965-68 (Washington: Office of Air Force History, 1988), pp. 277-85, hereafter Schlight, Years of the Offensive, 1965-68; CGIIIMAF msg to Cdr, Seventh Air Force, dtd 24Jan68 (3d MarDiv, Messages, Jan68).


40. Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81, pp. 199-201; Schlight, Years of the Offensive, 1965-68, pp. 277-78; Nalty, "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh," p. 44; Nalty, Air Power and the Fight Far Khe Sanh, pp. 72-4.


41. McCutcheon Itr to Norman Anderson, dtd 23Jan68, Letter No. 45 and Anderson Itr to McCutcheon, dtd 7Feb68, Letter No. 50, File A, 1968 Correspondence, Box 20 (McCutcheon Papers, PC464), hereafter Anderson Itr to McCutcheon, 7Feb68.


Operation Niagara and Air Resupply in the Defense of Khe Sanh


42. MACV ComdHist, 1968, I, pp. 423-24; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Mar68, p. 3; Nalty "Operation Niagara, Air Power, and the Siege of Khe Sanh," pp. 39-46; Schlight, Years of the Offensive, 1965-68, pp. 277-85; Anderson Itr to McCutcheon, 7Feb68.


43. MACV ComdHist, 1968, I, pp. 423-24; Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, pp. 83-6; Shore, The Battle for Khe Sanh, pp. 101-2.


44. Shore, Battle for Khe Sanh, pp. 102-3.


45. Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, pp. 82-3.


46. Ibid., pp. 86-8.


47. MACV ComdHist, 1968, I, p. 423; Shore, Battle for Khe Sanh, p. 101; Col William H. Dabney intvw, 20May82, p. 65 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), pp. 21-2. hereafter, Dabney intvw, 20May82.


48. Shore, Battle for Khe Sanh, pp. 103^4; Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, p. 66; 1st MAW ComdC, Mar68, p. 2-2; Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces, pp. 71-2.


49. Shore, Battle For Khe Sanh, pp. 109-11


50. Quoted in Ibid., p. 97.


51. Nalty, Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh, pp. 43-50.


52. Ibid. p. 62; Shore, The Battle for Khe Sanh, ~!2-A.


53. Nalty, Air Power and the Fight f m Khe Sanh, pp. 44-46; Shore, The Battle for Khe Sanh, 74-6.


54. LtGen John H. Hay, Jr., USA, Vietnam Studies: Tactical and Materiel Innovations (Washington, D.C.: Dept of the Army, 1974), pp. 22-23.


55. III MAF COC msg to MACV COC, 10Feb68 (III MAF Khe Sanh Ops File); 1/26 Journal for 10Feb68, Ser No 19 in 1/26 ComdC, Feb68, pt. IV; LtCol Johnny O. Gregerson, Comments on "The Battle for Khe Sanh," 3Jan69 (Comment File, MCHC); Nalty, Air Power and the Fight far Khe Sanh, p. 35; Shore, Battle far Khe Sanh, p. 76; CWO-4 Henry Wildfang, Comments on draft, dtd 26Nov94 (Vietnam Comment File).


56. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Feb68, p. 30; Nalty, AirPower andthe Fight for Khe Sanh, p. 45; IIIMAFJnl & Msg File, ll-12Feb68, Set. No. 100; 3d Mar-Div COC msg to III MAF COC, l2Feb68 (III MAF Khe Sanh Ops File).


57. LtCol Robert Guay, "The Khe Sanh Airlift," 31Jan69 (1968 Background File, MCHC), p.4, hereafter, Guay, "The Khe Sanh Airlift;" Ray W. Stubbe, "Khe Sanh: Valley of Decision," ms, 1987 (Copy in Personal Papers Collection, MCHC), p. 895.


58. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Mar68, p. 30; Shore, Battle for Khe Sanh, pp. 78-9.


59. This and the next paragraph are derived from the following sources: FMFPac, MarOpsV, Mar68, pp. 83-4; Nalty, Airpower and the Fight for Khe Sanh, pp. 51-52; Shore, Battle for Khe Sanh, pp. 78-9. The quote is from Shore, p. 78. The FMFPac account mentions only a crate of eggs being included with two of the eggs broken.


60. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Mar68, p. 30.


61. Nalty, Air Power and the Fight far Khe Sanh, p. 58; Asst C/S G-3, 1st MAW memo to CGlstMAW, dtd 12Aug68, Sub): Airlift Support of Khe Sanh in Meeting Notes Fidr (1968), MajGen Charles J. Quilter Papers MCHC, hereafter 1st MAW memo, 12Aug68, "Airlift Support of Khe Sanh" (Quilter Papers). Both Nalty and the author of the memo note the fragmentary nature of the statistics cited in the text. As the 1st MAW G-3 wrote, "we have sorted through our many reports-which contain some conflicting info and have arrived at the following as our best effort."


62. Dabney intvw, 20May82, p. 65; LtCol Harry L. Alderman, Comments on "The Battle for Khe Sanh," n.d. (Comment File, MCHC).


63. 3/26 ComdC, Feb68, p. 12.


64. This and the next two paragraphs are based on the following sources: MajGen Keith B. McCutcheon, Comments on "The Battle for Khe Sanh," nor dated (Comment File, MCHC), hereafter McCutcheon Comments, Khe Sanh; BGen Robert P. Keller, Comments on "The Battle for Khe Sanh," 17Dec68 (Comment File MCHC); Anderson intvw, 3d Session, 17Mar81, pp. 225-6; MajGen Norman J. Anderson to McCutcheon, dtd 25Feb68, Itr no. 60, 1968 cot, File A (McCutcheon Papers), hereafter Anderson to McCutcheon, 25Feb68.


65. Additional sources for this paragraph are: 1st MAW OPIan 3-68, dtd 23Feb68, End Anderson to McCutcheon, 25Feb68; 1st MAW ComdC, Feb68, p. 2-3.







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